Social participation is associated with better functionality, health status and educational level in elderly women / A participação social está associada a melhor funcionalidade, estado de saúde e nível educacional em mulheres idosas

Walter Sepúlveda-Loyola, Felipe Ganz, Renata Pires Tricanico Maciel, Rosielma Dos Santos Lopes, Paulo Sérgio Negri, Eladio Mancilla Solorza, Hector González Caro, Vanessa Suziane Probst

Abstract


Social participation (SP) has been identified as a protective factor for healthy aging. The aim of this study was to examine characteristics associated with social participation in elderly women.  They were allocated 125 older women (aged ≥ 60 years) from Requinoa, Chile into two groups according to the level of SP: socially active (SA) and socially non-active (SNA). Modified Health Assessment Questionnaire, handgrip strength, unipedal stance test, timed up and go test, mini-mental state examination, age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index, and educational level were assessed. The results indicated that SA women presented lower disability (P<0.001) and better dynamic balance and muscle strength than their SNA peers (P< 0.03 for all). Women who were SA presented less comorbidities (P=0.002) and higher education (P=0.03) compared to SNA. In conclusion, elderly women who are socially active have better functionality, health status and higher educational level than socially non-active.


Keywords


Social participation; aging; health status; physical function, education, mental health.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n4-299

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