Mapping, technical and environmental aspects of shrimp farms in the Acaraú River Estuary, Ceará State, Brazil / Mapeamento, aspectos técnicos e ambientais de fazendas de camarão no Estuário do Rio Acaraú, Ceará, Brasil

Ítalo Régis Castelo Branco Rocha, Francisco Gleidson da Costa Gastão, Igor Gabriel Rodrigues Ferreira Gomes, Rommel Rocha de Sousa, Gabriel de Mesquita Facundo, Leonardo Freitas Galvão de Albuquerque, José William Alves da Silva, José Renato de Oliveira César, Elenise Gonçalves de Oliveira, Francisco Hiran Farias Costa

Abstract


Despite the economic importance of shrimp farming, a number of technical problems have been widely reported in the literature. This article focuses on the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of semi-intensive/intensive shrimp farming in the Acaraú river estuary. This estuary has the second largest number of farms in the Ceará state. Currently, the industry has 31 participating farms with a total area devoted to shrimp farming of 1,571.58 ha. In 2013, total production was 7,853.92 tons of shrimp with an average yield of 5.88 t ha-1 year-1 in an earth pond area of 1,335.49 ha. This industry employs 1,382 people, representing 17.3% of the jobs generated in the two municipalities where the Acaraú river estuary is located. The main environmental impacts of this industry are water pollution and loss of mangroves. However, no changes in water quality parameters were observed during the period 2011-2013, indicating that this estuary has some nutrient processing capacity derived from nurseries, while 159.4 ha of mangrove forests were occupied by In the same period of the establishment of the farms, this estuary presented an increase of 987.41 ha of this landscape unit. The results of this research demonstrate that the Brazilian shrimp industry requires an improvement in management practices to achieve sustainable growth.


Keywords


Shrimp farm, Mangrove, Environmental Impact, Penaeus vannamei.

Full Text:

PDF

References


ABREU, M. C. S.; MATTOS, P.; LIMA, P. E. S.; PADULA, A. D. Shrimp farming in coastal Brazil: Reasons for market failure and sustainability challenges. Ocean & Coastal Management, Amsterdam, v. 54, n. 9, p. 658-667, Sept. 2011.

ANH, P. T.; KROEZE, C.; BUSH, S. R.; MOL, A. P. J. Water pollution by intensive brackish shrimp farming in south-east Vietnam: Causes and options for control. Agricultural Water Management, Amsterdam, v. 97, n. 6, p. 872-882, June 2010.

APHA (American Public Health Association). Standard Methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 20 ed. New York: Ed. APHA, 1998. 1325 p.

BARBIER, E. B.; HACKER, S. D.; KENNEDY, C.; KOCH, E.; STIER, A. C.; SILLIMAN, B. R. The value of estuarine and coastal ecosystem services. Ecological Monographs. New York. v. 81, n. 2, p. 169-193, May 2011.

BOURNAZEL, L.; KUMARA, M. P.; JAYATISSA, L. P.; VIERGEVER, K.; MOREL, V.; HUXHAM, M. The impacts of shrimp farming on land-use and carbon storage around Puttalam lagoon, Sri Lanka. Ocean & Coastal Management, Amsterdam, v.113, p. 18-28, May 2015.

CHOWDHURY, M. A.; KHAIRUN, Y.; SALEQUZZAMAN, M.; RAHMAN. M. M. Effect of combined shrimp and rice farming on water and soil quality in Bangladesh. Aquacult. Int., Amsterdam, v. 19, p. 1193-1206, Mar. 2011.

DOTE-SÁ, T.; SOUSA, R. R.; ROCHA, I. R. C. B.; LIMA, G. C.; COSTA, F. H. F. Brackish shrimp farming in Northeastern Brazil: the environmental and socio-economic impacts and sustainability. Natural Resources, Aracajú, v. 4, n. 8, p. 538-550, Dec. 2013.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016. Rome: FAO - Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. 2016, 204 p.

FERREIRA, A. C.; LACERDA, L. D. Degradation and conservation of Brazilian mangroves, status and perspectives. Ocean & Coastal Management, Amsterdam, v. 125, p. 38-46. Mar. 2016.

GODOY, M. D. P.; LACERDA, L. D. Mangroves response to climate change: a review of recent findings on mangrove extension and distribution. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 87, p. 651-667. Feb. 2015.

GOLAFSHANI, N. Understanding reliability and validity in qualitative research. The Qualitative Report, Fort Lauderdale, v. 8, n. 4, p. 597-607, Dec. 2003.

LIGHTNER, D. V. Virus diseases of farmed shrimp in the Western Hemisphere (the Americas): A review. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, Amsterdam, v. 106, p. 110-130, Jan. 2011.

MAIA, L. P.; LACERDA, L. D.; MONTEIRO, L. H. U.; SOUZA, G. M. E. Atlas dos Manguezais do Nordeste. Avaliação das Áreas de Manguezal dos Estados do Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba e Pernambuco. Fortaleza: Superintendência Estadual do Meio Ambiente, 2006. v. 1. 125p.

MARQUES, A. R.; FERREIRA NETO, J. S.; FERREIRA F. Hierarchical clustering and partitioning to characterize shrimp grow-out farms in northeast Brazil. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, v. 463 p. 38-46, May 2016.

NEILAND, A. E.; SOLEY, N.; VARLEY, J. B.; WHITMARSH, D. J. Shrimp aquaculture: economic perspectives for policy development. Marine Policy, Amsterdam, v. 25, n. 4, p. 265-279, July, 2001.

NUNES, A. J. P.; ROCHA, I. P. Overview and latest developments in shrimp and tilapia aquaculture in Northeast Brazil. World Aquaculture, Virgina, v. 6, p. 10-17, June 2015.

NUNES, A. J. P., GESTEIRA, T. C. V., OLIVEIRA, G. G., LIMA, R. C., MIRANDA, P. T. C.; MADRID, R. M. 2005. Princípios para Boas Práticas de Manejo na Engorda de Camarão Marinho no Estado do Ceará. Instituto de Ciências do Mar (Labomar/UFC). Programa de Zoneamento Ecológico Econômico (ZEE) do Estado do Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará. 109 p.

PAUL, A. K.; RØSKAFT, E. Environmental degradation and loss of traditional agriculture as two causes of conflicts in shrimp farming in the southwestern coastal Bangladesh: Present status and probable solutions. Ocean & Coastal Management, Amsterdam, v. 85, p. 19-28, Oct. 2013.

QUEIROZ, L.; ROSSI, S.; MEIRELES, J.; COELHO, C. Shrimp aquaculture in the federal state of Ceará, 1970-2012: Trends after mangrove forest privatization in Brazil. Ocean & Coastal Management, Amsterdam, v. 73, p. 54-62, Mar. 2013.

ROCHA, I. R. C. B.; DOTE-SÁ, T.; DE SOUSA, R. R.; LIMA, G. C.; OLIVEIRA-CESAR, J. R.; COSTA, F. H. F. Technical and Environmental Analysis of Shrimp Farming in the Coreaú River Estuary, Ceará State, Brazil. Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development, Los Angeles, v. 6, p. 1-7, June 2015.

SANTOS, A. A. O.; AUBIN, J.; CORSON, M. S.; VALENTI, W. C.; CAMARGO, A. F. M. Comparing environmental impacts of native and introduced freshwater prawn farming in Brazil and the influence of better effluent management using LCA. Aquaculture, Amsterdam, v. 444, p. 151-159, Mar. 2015.

SOUZA, N. C. 2011. Mensuração do desempenho da cadeia de suprimentos da carcinicultura marinha no Estado do Ceará: o caso do camarão com indicação geográfica por denominação de origem Costa Negra. Dissertação (Mestrado em Logística e Sustentabilidade) - Programa de Pós-Graduação em Logística e Pesquisa Operacional, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, 134 f. 2011.

TENÓRIO, G. S.; SOUZA-FILHO, P. W. M.; RAMOS, E. M. L. S.; ALVES, P. J. O. Mangrove shrimp farm mapping and productivity on the Brazilian Amazon coast: Environmental and economic reasons for coastal conservation. Ocean & Coastal Management, Amsterdam, v. 104, p. 65-77, Jan. 2015.

TROTT, L. A.; ALONGI, D. M. The impact of shrimp pond effluent on water quality and phytoplankton biomass in a tropical mangrove estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin, New Jersey, v. 40, n. 11, p. 947-951, Nov. 2000.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n4-268

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.