Características clínicas e radiológicas, evolução clínica e epidemiologia da infecção por SARS-CoV-2 / Clinical and radiological characteristics, clinical evolution and epidemiology about SARS‐CoV‐2 infection

Marco Taneda

Abstract


O surto de coronavírus 2 da síndrome respiratória aguda severa (SARS-CoV-2) teve início na China e atualmente é considerado uma pandemia, com o número de óbitos decorrentes à infecção pelo vírus aumentando mundialmente. Sendo assim, o objetivo do presente artigo foi relatar as características clínicas e radiológicas, a evolução clínica e a epidemiologia referentes à infecção pelo SARS-CoV-2, tendo-se como metodologia a revisão da literatura publicada até a data de 4 de abril de 2020. A maioria dos adultos e crianças tiveram sintomas leves, entretanto, alguns casos evoluem para um estado crítico podendo resultar em morte. Sexo masculino, idade maior ou igual a 60 anos, atraso no diagnóstico e diagnóstico de pneumonia grave foram associados ao aumento da taxa de mortalidade. Em torno de 20% dos casos requer cuidados de suporte em unidades de terapia intensiva e a taxa de mortalidade de casos, entre pacientes hospitalizados, é superior a 10%. Até a data de 4 de abril de 2020, o número de casos confirmados mundialmente ultrapassa a marca de 1 milhão, com o número de óbitos crescendo diariamente.

 


Keywords


Características clínicas. Doença do coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19). Origem. SARS-CoV-2. Epidemiologia. Transmissão.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n4-256

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