Síndrome de Burnout em profissionais da saúde da linha de frente do COVID-19 / Burnout syndrome in healthcare professionals in the frontline of COVID-19

Sersie Lessa Antunes Costa Almeida, Maurício Moretto Salvaro, Marcella Vieira Franco Geraldo, Victoria Moreira Hannas Guimarães, Lucas César de Magalhães Fornero, Ana Clara Coimbra Amorim, Letícia Pfeilsticker Oliveira de Carvalho, Iasmin Lopes de Morais, Fanny Ramos Dutra, Eduardo Horta Seabra Lana, Ana Luiza Pinto Moreira da Rocha

Abstract


INTRODUÇÃO: Ao abordar a situação da saúde mental entre os profissionais atuantes na linha de frente durante a pandemia de COVID-19 é notório a relação com sintomas de estresse nas atividades laborais. Assim, a síndrome de Burnout (SB) encontra-se em evidência nesse cenário atual, bem como os reflexos entre esses profissionais. METODOLOGIA: Foi realizado um levantamento bibliográfico de artigos entre 2020 e 2021 nas bases de dados Medline, Scielo e LILACS, utilizando os descritores burnout, COVID-19, Saúde mental e médicos. 20 artigos foram elegidos, após critérios de seleção. RESULTADOS: Os principais fatores associados à SB foram: turnos de trabalho iguais ou superiores a 8 horas, remanejamento de função e contato direto com pessoas infectadas por COVID-19, resultando no relato de exaustão emocional, física e psicológica. DISCUSSÃO: A SB pode ser caracterizada como uma condição de exaustão emocional e mental, com sentimentos de despreparo e aflição que acarretam prejuízos ao desempenho do profissional em suas atividades. A SB trouxe impacto físico aos profissionai, como dores de cabeça, dores musculares, distúrbios do sono e perda de apetite, devido às grandes jornadas de trabalho, com déficit de funcionários que repercutem em falta de pausas e de descanso adequado. Os profissionais apresentam sintomas significativos de depressão moderada a grave, ansiedade e transtorno de estresse pós-traumático (PTSD).Possíveis soluções para o quadro seriam redução do turno de trabalho (< 8 horas) e o fornecimento de um ambiente seguro de trabalho.CONCLUSÃO OU CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS: A SB é uma realidade na vida dos profissionais de saúde durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Portanto, a intervenção preventiva em todos esses profissionais faz-se necessária.


Keywords


Burnout, COVID-19, Saúde mental, Profissionais de saúde.

References


Raudenská J, et al. Occupational burnout syndrome and post-traumatic stress among healthcare professionals during the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol [Internet]. 2020 Jul 18 [cited 2021 Apr 9];34(3):553-560.

Sharifi M, Asadi-Pooya AA, Mousavi-Roknabadi RS. Burnout among Healthcare Providers of COVID-19: a Systematic Review of Epidemiology and Recommendations. Arch Acad Emerg Med. [Internet]. 2020 Dec 10 [cited 2021 Apr 9];9(7):1-17.

Amanullah S, Shankar RR. The Impact of COVID-19 on Physician Burnout Globally: A Review: A Review. Healthcare [Internet]. 2020 Oct 22 [cited 2021 Apr 9];8(4):421-432. DOI 10.3390/healthcare8040421.

Luca A Morgantini et al. Factors contributing to healthcare professional burnout during the COVID-19 pandemic: A rapid turnaround global survey. PLoS One [Internet]. 2020 Sep 03 [cited 2021 Apr 13];0238217(32881887):1-10.

Tan BYQ, Kanneganti A, Lim LJH, Tan M, Chua YX, Tan L, Sia CH, Denning M, Goh ET, Purkayastha S, Kinross J, Sim K, Chan YH, Ooi SBS. Burnout and Associated Factors Among Health Care Workers in Singapore During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2020 Dec;21(12):1751-1758.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2020.09.035. Epub 2020 Oct 5. PMID: 33256955; PMCID: PMC7534835.

Talaee Negin, et al. Stress and burnout in health care workers during COVID-19 pandemic: validation of a questionnaire. Z Gesundh Wiss [Internet]. 2020 Jun 06 [cited 2021 Apr 11];PMC7275852:1-7. DOI 10.1007/s10389-020-01313-z.

Queen D, Harding K. Societal pandemic burnout: A COVID legacy. Int Wound J. 2020 Aug;17(4):873-874.

Dobson H, Malpas CB, Burrell AJ, Gurvich C, Chen L, Kulkarni J, Winton-Brown T. Burnout and psychological distress amongst Australian healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Australas Psychiatry. 2021 Feb;29(1):26-30.

Joshi G, Sharma G. Burnout: A risk factor amongst mental health professionals during COVID-19. Asian J Psychiatr. 2020 Dec;54:102300.

Abdelhafiz AS, Ali A, Ziady HH, Maaly AM, Alorabi M, Sultan EA. Prevalence, Associated Factors, and Consequences of Burnout Among Egyptian Physicians During COVID-19 Pandemic. Front Public Health. 2020 Dec 3;8:590190.

Martínez-López JÁ, Lázaro-Pérez C, Gómez-Galán J, Fernández-Martínez MDM. Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Emergency on Health Professionals: Burnout Incidence at the Most Critical Period in Spain. J Clin Med. 2020 Sep 20;9(9):3029.

Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, Cai Z, Hu J, Wei N, Wu J, Du H, Chen T, Li R, Tan H, Kang L, Yao L, Huang M, Wang H, Wang G, Liu Z, Hu S. Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Mar 2;3(3):e203976.

Serrão C, Duarte I, Castro L, Teixeira A. Burnout and Depression in Portuguese Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic-The Mediating Role of Psychological Resilience. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jan 13;18(2):636.

Abdelhafiz AS, Ali A, Ziady HH, Maaly AM, Alorabi M, Sultan EA. Prevalence, Associated Factors, and Consequences of Burnout Among Egyptian Physicians During COVID-19 Pandemic. Front Public Health. 2020 Dec 3;8:590190.

Roslan NS, Yusoff MSB, Razak AA, Morgan K. Burnout Prevalence and Its Associated Factors among Malaysian Healthcare Workers during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Embedded Mixed-Method Study. Healthcare (Basel). 2021 Jan 17;9(1):90.

Elhadi M, Msherghi A, Elgzairi M, Alhashimi A, Bouhuwaish A, Biala M, Abuelmeda S, Khel S, Khaled A, Alsoufi A, Elmabrouk A, Alshiteewi FB, Hamed TB, Alhadi B, Alhaddad S, Elhadi A, Zaid A. Burnout Syndrome Among Hospital Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Civil War: A Cross-Sectional Study. Front Psychiatry. 2020 Dec 11;11:579563.

Sunjaya DK, Herawati DMD, Siregar AYM. Depressive, anxiety, and burnout symptoms on health care personnel at a month after COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia. BMC Public Health. 2021 Jan 28;21(1):227.

Kesarwani V, Husaain ZG, George J. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Burnout among Healthcare Professionals in India: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Indian J Psychol Med. 2020 Mar 9;42(2):108-115.

Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, The PRISMA Group (2009) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Med 6(7): e1000097.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n7-082

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.