Fibrilação atrial em atletas / Atrial fibrillation in athletes

Sersie Lessa Antunes Costa Almeida, André Chabot Barroso, Franciane Mara Rezende Ferreira, Gabriela Moreira Ireno, Geovana Madureira Teixeira Lacerda Alves, Isabelle de Oliveira Rodrigues, Mariana Landim Madureira, Samuel Vitorio Braga, Victoria Tamay de Souza, Deocárdio Cardoso Souto da Conceição, Matheus Moreira Campos

Abstract


Objetivos: Embasar na literatura a correlação existente na prática de exercícios físicos de alta potência praticadas por atletas e a incidência de fibrilação atrial. Métodos: Revisão integrativa com artigos selecionados nas bases de dados Pubmed, Scielo, Medline e Lilacs publicados entre os anos de 2011 e 2021, com ensaios e estudos clínicos, além de estudos observacionais. Os descritores utilizados foram: (athletes) AND (atrial fibrillation). Resultados: Alguns estudos apontaram uma baixa incidência de fibrilação atrial entre atletas de elite. Enquanto outros constataram que o treinamento de alta intensidade de atletas competitivos está relacionado a um maior risco de fibrilação atrial, principalmente homens saudáveis de meia idade, quando possuem uma frequência cardíaca menor que 100 bpm. Considerações finais: A Fibrilação atrial em atletas tem uma incidência maior em atletas do sexo masculino e mais velhos que realizam treinos de alta intensidade, visto que possuem como potenciais indutores o remodelamento cardíaco, a inflamação e a fibrose.

 


Keywords


Fibrilação atrial, Atletas, Exercicio, Revisão.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n7-076

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