Saúde mental dos profissionais de saúde durante a pandemia de Coronavírus e seu reflexo nos processos terapêuticos: uma revisão narrativa de literatura / Mental health of health professionals during the Coronavirus pandemic and its reflection in therapeutic processes: a narrative literature review

Amanda Cristina Barbosa Ribeiro, Bráulio Brandão Rodrigues, Luiza Helena Bauermann Gubert Carvalho, Andressa de Andrade Ribeiro, Bruno Rosa Florentino, Lucas Rodrigues Castilho de Lima

Abstract


Objetivo: Avaliar a influência da pandemia de COVID-19 na saúde mental dos profissionais da área da saúde e seu impacto nos processos terapêuticos. Revisão Bibliográfica: Depressão, ansiedade generalizada, insônia e transtorno de estresse pós-traumático são os problemas de saúde mais relatados entre profissionais da saúde durante a pandemia. Profissionais mais jovens, do sexo feminino, enfermeiros, pais de filhos dependentes em quarentena ou com um membro da família infectado apresentam um maior risco com relação a saúde física e mental. Dentre os meios de intervenção para melhora dos transtornos apresentados entre os que atuam na linha de frente no combate à pandemia estão as terapias cognitivas comportamentais, terapias centradas no trauma, auriculoterapia e teleconsultas. A telemedicina se mostrou essencial e promissora para o acompanhamento de pacientes na área de saúde mental pois permite um maior número de consultas, diminui o risco de transmissão do vírus e facilita a continuação do tratamento. Conclusão: A implementação de estratégias que atendam às demandas de apoio psicológico dos profissionais de saúde é de grande relevância, assim como o aprofundamento de estudos em relação aos impactos e eficiência de tais medidas a longo prazo.


Keywords


Saúde mental, Suicídio, Terapia, Gerenciamento clinico, COVID-19.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n6-527

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