Growth and accumulation of nutrients in bromeliads, in a greenhouse, in Cerrado / Crescimento e acúmulo de nutrientes em bromélias com ocorrência no Cerrado em ambiente protegido

José Carlos dos Santos Júnior, Cristiele dos Santos Souza, Cleiton Mateus Sousa, Leonardo Alves Carneiro, Mariella Camargo Rocha

Abstract


The Bromeliaceae family shows great genetic diversity and ecological, industrial, landscape, and food application. However, for most species, there exist no strategies for their commercial exploitation. In order to contribute to the development of technologies for the cultivation of bromeliads in Cerrado, the growth of three bromeliads in a commercial substrate enriched with or without organomineral fertilizer in a greenhouse was evaluated. Periodically, the number of leaves, plant height (cm), leaf length (cm), leaf width (cm), stem diameter (cm), and chlorophyll index (SPAD) were evaluated. Fresh and dry mass, P (g kg-1), K (g kg-1), Ca (g kg-1), Mg (g kg-1), Fe (mg kg-1), Mn (mg kg-1), and Zn (mg kg-1) in the aerial part and in the root system of the plants were evaluated. Bromeliads showed specific responses to substrates and evaluation days. The substrates enriched with organomineral fertilizer favored plant growth. During the evaluation period, SPAD was reduced. Organomineral did not increase the nutrient content in the aerial parts or in the root system of the plants. The three species of bromeliads showed potential for cultivation in a greenhouse, without compromising the quality of the plants; however, it is necessary to define the specific substrates to optimize the growth of each species.


Keywords


Aechmea bromeliifolia, Aechmea distichantha, Ananas erectifolius, greenhouse cultivation

References


Anacleto A; Roveda LF.; Ramos RAS. 2019. Germination and survival of Aechmea gamosepala on different substrates. Ornamental Horticulture, v.25, n.3, p.225-230. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/2447-536X.v25i3.2037

Baldotto LEB; Baldotto MA; Giro VB; Canellas LP; Olivares FL; Bressan-Smith R. 2009. Desempenho do abacaxizeiro 'Vitória' em resposta à aplicação de ácidos húmicos durante a aclimatação. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v.33, n.4, p.979-990. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832009000400022

Bassi D; Menossi M; Mattiello M. 2018. Nitrogen supply influences photosynthesis establishment along the sugarcane leaf. Scientific Reports, n.2327. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-20653-1

Chagas KL; Viana TVA; Vasconcelos DV; Sousa GG; Pereira Filho JV. 2018. Agronomic performance of strawberry plants under growing environments and organomineral fertilization. Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical, v.48, n.4, p.331-339. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-40632018v4852876

Coutinho JS. 2017. Desenvolvimento inicial de plantas de Bromelia reversacantha Mez. Em diferentes substratos. Dissertação (Mestrado em Agronomia) Escola de Agronomia, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia. 60p.

Duarte MM; Gandolfi S. 2013. Enriquecimento de florestas em processo de restauração: aspectos de epífitas e forófitos que podem ser considerados. Hoehnea, v.40, n. 3, p.507-514. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S2236-89062013000300010

Ferreira CA; Paiva, PDDO; Rodrigues TM; Ramos DP; Carvalho JGD; Paiva R. 2007. Desenvolvimento de mudas de bromélia (Neoregelia cruenta (R. Graham) LB Smith) cultivadas em diferentes substratos e adubação foliar. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, v.31, n.3, p. 666-671. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542007000300010

Forzza RC; Costa AF; Maciel JR; Kessous IM; Monteiro RF; Faria APG; Tardivo RC; Büneker, HM; Saraiva DP; Moreira BA; Jacques SSA; Almeida MM; Santos-Silva F; Louzada RB; Moura RL; Couto DR; Neves B; Oliveira FMC; Araújo CC; Gonçalves-Oliveira RC; Versieux LM; Romanini RP; Machado TM; Silva RSAD; Paixão Souza B; Gomes-da-Silva J; Uribbe FP; Guarçoni EAE; Sousa LOF; Pontes RAS; Nogueira MGC; Sousa GM; Koch AK; Picanço WL; Cardoso PH; Martins SE; Barbosa-Silva RG; Wanderley MGL. 2020. Bromeliaceae in Flora do Brasil 2020. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 14 abr. 2021.

Freschi, L, Rodrigues, MA; Domingues, DS; Purgatto E; Van Sluys MA; Magalhaes JR; Mercier H. 2010. Nitric oxide mediates the hormonal control of Crassulacean acid metabolism expression in young pineapple plants. Plant Physiology, v.152, n.4, p.1971-1985. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.109.151613

Giampaoli P; Santos DS; Mollo L; Kanashiro S; Tavares AR. 2017. Effect of fertilisation with urea on development in the ornamental bromeliad Aechmea fasciata. Revista Ciência Agronômica, v.48, n.4, p.657-662. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5935/1806-6690.20170076

Gouda EJ; Butcher D; Gouda CS (cont. upd.) Encyclopaedia of Bromeliads, version 4. University Botanical Garden, Utrecht. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 14 abr. 2021.

Hawkins TS; Gardiner ES; Comer GS. 2009. Modeling the relationship between extractable chlorophyll and SPAD-502 readings for endangered plant species research. Journal for Nature Conservation, v.17, n.2, p.123-127. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2008.12.007

Jasmim JM; Toledo RR; Carneiro LA; Mansur E. 2006. Fibra de coco e adubação foliar no crescimento e na nutrição de Cryptanthus sinuosus. Horticultura Brasileira, v.24, n.3, p.309-314. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362006000300008

Ladino G; Ospina‐Bautista F; Estévez Varón J; Jerabkova L; Kratina P. 2019. Ecosystem services provided by bromeliad plants: A systematic review. Ecology and Evolution, v.9, n.12, p.7360-7372. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5296

Londers E; Ceusters J; Vervaeke I; Deroose R; Proft MP. 2005. Organic acid analysis and plant water status of two Aechmea cultivars grown under greenhouse conditions: implications on leaf quality. Scientia Horticulturae, v.105, n.2, p.249-262. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2005.01.033

Negrelle RRB; Anacleto A. Bromeliads supply chain of Paraná State-Brazil. 2019. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science, v.6, n.2, p.1-12 DOI: https://doi.org/10.22161/ijaers.6.2.1

Negrelle RRB; Mitchell D; Anacleto A. 2012. Bromeliad ornamental species: conservation issues and challenges related to commercialization. Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences, v.34, n.1, p.91-100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4025/actascibiolsci.v34i1.7314

Pereira JS. 2017. Caracterização in sílico da Ribulose-1,5-BifosfatoCarboxilase/Oxigenase (RuBisCO) da Alkalinema sp. CACIAM 70d (Cianobactéria). Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso de Graduação. Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia.

Rodrigues TM; Paiva PDO; Rodrigues CR; Carvalho JD; Ferreira CA; Paiva R. 2004. Desenvolvimento de mudas de bromélia-imperial (Alcantarea imperialis) em diferentes substratos. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, v.28, n.4, p.757-763. DOI: https://doi.org/ /10.1590/S1413-70542004000400005

Sanches LVC. 2009. Desenvolvimento de Aechmea fasciata (Bromeliaceae) em função de diferentes saturações por bases no substrato e modos de aplicação da fertirrigação. Dissertação (Mestrado). UNESP - Campus de Botucatu. 124p.

Schmidt G; Stuntz S; Zotz G. 2001. Plant size: an ignored parameter in epiphyte Mecophysiology? In: Tropical Forest Canopies: Ecology and Management. Springer: Dordrecht. p.65-72.

Souza EH; Massarioli A; Moreno IAM; Souza FV; Ledo CAS; Alencar SM; Martinelli A.P. 2016. Volatile compounds profile of Bromeliaceae flowers. Revista de Biologia Tropical, v.64, n.3, p.1101-1116. DOI: https://10.15517/rbt.v64i3.21300

Souza EH; Souza FVD; Costa MAPC; Costa Jr DS; Santos-Serejo JA. 2012. Genetic variation of the Ananas genus with ornamental potential. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, v.59, n.7, p.1357-1376.

Suárez JAG; Calumby RJN; Oliveira FTDe; Vieira DS; Oliveira JODe; Moreira RTDeF; Bastos MLDeA; Veríssimo RCSS. 2020. Biological activities of plants of the Bromeliaceae family and the species Encholirium spectabile Mart. ex Schult. & Schult. f. Research, Society and Development, v.9, n.12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i12.11019

Xiong D; Chen J; Yu T; Gao W; Ling X; Li Y; Peng S; Huang J. 2015. SPAD-based leaf nitrogen estimation is impacted by environmental factors and crop leaf characteristics. Scientific Reports, v.25, n.5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep13389

Young JLM; Kanashiro S; Jocys T; Tavares AR. 2018. Silver vase bromeliad: Plant growth and mineral nutrition under macronutrients omission. Scientia Horticulturae, v.234, p.318-322. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2018.02.002

Zucchi MR; Silva MWD, Sibov ST, Pires LL. 2020. Ornamental and landscape potential of a bromeliad native to the Cerrado Potencial ornamental e paisagístico de uma bromélia nativa do Cerrado. Ornamental Horticulture, v.25, n.4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/2447-536x.v25i4.2003




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv.v7i5.29785

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.