Metabolism of lipid and fatty acid composition of early dwarf cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) leaves under water deficiency / Metabolismo da composição lipídica e de ácidos gordos do caju anão precoce (Anacardium occidentale L.) folhas sob deficiência de água

Micheline Soares Costa Oliveira, Luis Flávio Mendes Saraiva, Eliane Almeida de Lima, Larissa Linhares Carvalho Mendes, Mirle Thais Aguiar Carneiro, Fernando Monteiro de Paula


In the present study, were used seeds of precocious dwarf-cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) CCP 076. The plants were cultivated at green house in vermiculite and water (2:1 v/v) in plastic pots. 40 days after the cultivation, the irrigation of a group of plants was suspended, destined to the stressed treatment. The total fatty acids total contents (determined by TLC and CG/MS) and the unsaturation index they were analyzed with 30, 45 and 60 days after the suspension of the irrigation. The CG/MS evidenced the presence of the following fatty acid: palmitic acid (16:0), stearic acid (18:0), oleic acid (18:1), linoleic acid (18:2) and linolenic acid (18:3). The most severe level of hydric deficiency applied (60 days of stress) induced reductions in the content of 18:3 (44,4 %) and increase in the content of 16:0 (25,6%). The index presented a reduction of 11 % to the 60 days of water stress.


cashew, polar lipid, water stress, composition of the membranes lipids.


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