Effect of moringa oleifera on the development of adult wistar rats/ Efeito da Moringa oleifera sobre o desenvolvimento de ratos wistar adultos

Marcela R. Rocha, Estelamar M. B. Teixeira, Geraldo Thedei Júnior, Rodolfo N. Almeida, Elisa N. F. Santos, Fernanda B. B. Jardim

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: proteins of plant origin have gained prominence, interest and adepts in their consumption.

OBJECTIVE: to verify and compare the effects of the offer of Moringa oil, as the only protein source in the development of adult Wistar rats.

METHODS: the animals were divided into three groups that received standard AIN93M normoproteic, normoglycidic and normolipidic rations (12%, 83% and 5% respectively) and water ad libtum for three weeks, the protein sources being casein (control group - GC), Whey Protein (WP group) and Moringa oleifera flour (MO group). The flour was produced through leaves collected randomly in the city of Uberaba - MG from afforestation plants, which were sanitized with water and sanitized in 200-ppm hypochlorite solution for 15 minutes, in the Bromatology laboratory of the Federal Institute of Triângulo Mineiro (IFTM) - campus Uberaba - MG. They were dried and homogenized in an oven, with air circulation and renewal, for approximately 42 hours at 35 ° C. Then the material was crushed, sieved and the flour obtained was packed in airtight glass. The experimental design was in randomized blocks (RBD). ANOVA was used to compare the different groups with Tukey's post-test to compare the variables in relation to the groups.

RESULTS: there was no statistical difference between the different protein sources on the Lee Index, however the dietary intake of the MO group (613.6 ± 41.34) was higher (p <0.05) than the CG groups (528 ± 65, 62) and WP (488.8 ± 34.72) and lower body weight in grams (MO: 232.30 ± 17.00) than CG (276.10 ± 34.60) and WP (265.10 ± 17.80) (p <0.05). The animals were healthy, with no indication of malnutrition (loss of hair or weight) throughout the experiment and euthanasia.

CONCLUSIONS: Moringa oleifera leaf flour can be a good protein source for adult Wistar rats.


Keywords


vegetable proteins, Moringa, leaf flour, Wistar rats, experimental nutrition, whey protein.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv.v7i5.29733

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