Applicability, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the Depressive Cognition Scale: A systematic review with meta-analysis/ Aplicabilidade, sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia do Depressive Cognition Scale: Uma revisão sistemática com metanálise

Dayse Christina Rodrigues Pereira Luz, Danilo Ferreira de Sousa, Anderson Marcos Vieira do Nascimento, Poliana Moreira de Medeiros, Juliana Ribeiro Francelino Sampaio, Wilma José de Santana, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto

Abstract


Background: Depression can influence the treatment of diabetes mellitus, because it causes physiological alterations in the neurochemical and hormonal functions, which could cause hyperglycemic effects. Methods: This systematic review with meta-analysis follows the recommendations of the Cochrane Handbook and Prisma. Inclusion/exclusion criteria that had been previously selected for the sample were adopted by using the MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS/BIREME, SciELO, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library and Scopus databases, through the keywords “depression”, “risk factors” and “diabetes mellitus” in DeCS/MeSH, and “depressive cognition scale”, which were combined using the Boolean operator “AND”. The statistical analysis used the Bioestat 5.0 and Review Manager 5.3 programs. Results: With regard to the results, 26,292 publications were identified; however, after submitting them to the criteria and to the reviewers’ analyses, only 12 studies remained. Sensitivity and specificity were found higher than 78%, which is statistically significant. The test accuracy represented 0.79, thus it confirmed the applicability of the instrument. The combined Odds Ratio value presented a result of 6.3 CI (5.7 – 7.1). This fact shows the great association between diabetes and depression and the importance of the Depressive Cognition Scale in patients with diabetes mellitus. The p-value obtained (<0.0001) seemed to be statistically significant for the analyzed data. Limitations: Scarcity of studies assessing the Depression Cognitive Scale about diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: The Depressive Cognition Scale presents statistically significant sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. This scale is a reliable and applicable tool for screening and identification of depression risk factors in diabetic patients.


Keywords


Diabetes mellitus, Depression, Depressive Cognition Scale.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv.v7i5.29633

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