Lavandula angustifolia: uso da aromaterapia por massagem com óleo essencial de lavanda em várias patologias / Lavandula angustifolia: in the use of aromatherapy by massage with essential lavender oil in various pathologies

Hilda Couto Wink Cardoso, Daiana Ribeiro Marin, Neuza Biguinati de Barros, Celina A. Bertoni Lugtenburg

Abstract


Introdução: Aromaterapia é um método que utiliza óleos removidos das plantas. Os óleos essenciais têm um elevado teor de fragrâncias impressionantes e versáteis, estes são recolhidos de plantas, caules, raízes, folhas, cascas e caules. É um dos recursos terapêuticos mais acessíveis utilizados e tem tido uma expansão na área da saúde. Esta técnica é definida como a arte e ciência que visa melhorar a saúde e o bem-estar do corpo humano, mente e emoções, através do uso medicinal do aroma natural das plantas através dos seus óleos essenciais, cujas moléculas podem ser facilmente absorvidas pelas vias respiratórias por inalação, ou por via dérmica através do uso tópico na massagem. Objectivos: Hoje em dia, a aromaterapia é amplamente utilizada no tratamento médico. Este estudo visava investigar os seus efeitos por inalação com óleo essencial de lavanda para reduzir o stress mental e melhorar os sinais vitais, melhorar o sono, diminuir a pressão sanguínea, entre outras patologias. Metodologia: é uma investigação básica, que visa gerar novos e úteis conhecimentos para o avanço da ciência. Os seus objectivos são exploratórios, cuja finalidade é fornecer mais informações sobre o assunto investigado, permitindo a sua definição e delineamento. Quanto à sua abordagem, é uma investigação qualitativa, que descreve, interpreta e compara os factos sem considerar os seus aspectos numéricos em termos de regras matemáticas e estatísticas. Do ponto de vista dos procedimentos técnicos, é uma pesquisa bibliográfica, na qual, a sua base é a análise de material já publicado. Conclusão: A aromaterapia com óleo essencial de lavanda pode reduzir a incidência de actividades incapacitantes da vida diária em pacientes com osteoartrite do joelho, melhora a qualidade do sono dos pacientes que têm queimaduras, diminui também a ansiedade, o stress, entre outras patologias. No entanto, é necessária mais investigação comparando o efeito destes óleos com outros óleos aromáticos e também comparando o efeito da inalação destes óleos e da sua utilização através de massagem cutânea sobre a ansiedade e distúrbios do sono em pacientes.


Keywords


Aromaterapia. Alfazema. Óleo essencial. Inalação. Benefícios. Patologias.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv.v7i5.29507

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