Diffuse idiopathic hyperostosis in human skeletons from a contemporary brazilian collection/ Hiperostose idiopática difusa em esqueletos humanos de uma coleção brasileira contemporânea

Emilly Araújo Pereira, Marcus Vitor Diniz de Carvalho, Emília Alves do Nascimento, Sara Behar Tôrres Kobayashi, Gabriela Granja Porto Petraki, Evelyne Pessoa Soriano

Abstract


Objective: This work aimed to evaluate the occurrence of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in human skeletons of a contemporary Brazilian Identified Skeletal Collection. Materials: A total of 362 skeletons were analyzed macroscopically using two diagnostic methods: Resnick and Niwayama (first analysis) and Rogers and Waldron (second analysis).Methods: The frequency, age groups, sex, the vertebral segment most involved with the ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament, and areas of most significant occurrence of enthesophytes were the variables used in this study. Results: In the first analysis, the DISH frequency in the sample was 5.5%, and in the second, 6.6%. The most frequent age group was 61 to 80 years old. The lower thoracic segment was most affected by the ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament. In this sample, the relationship between DISH and sex was not statistically significant. Conclusions: DISH affected the thoracic vertebrae of individuals of older ages with no relation to sex. Limitations: As they are the first data referring to contemporary identified skeletons in Brazil, it was not possible to carry out a comparative analysis.Suggestions for Further Research: Other studies aiming to evaluate DISH in other Brazilian collections must be carried out to accomplish the disease profile in this population and subsidize other areas of knowledge, such as Forensic Anthropology since DISH can be precious to contribute to a positive identification.


Keywords


Hyperostosis, Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal; DISH; Enthesophytes; Spinal manifestations; Extra-spinal manifestations.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv.v7i5.29304

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