Concepções de perdão em crianças: uma análise qualitativa / Conceptions of forgiveness in children: an qualitative analysis

Edizângela de Fátima Cruz de Souza, Amanda Oliveira Magalhães, Rayanne Carvalho de Lima, Gabrielle Sanchez Cabral, Ana Beatriz Medeiros Lima, Eloá Losano de Abreu

Abstract


Considerando que as relações interpessoais são permeadas por situações de mágoas e injustiças, as pesquisas sobre o perdão o destacam como uma atitude benéfica dentre as estratégias de resolução de conflitos. Diante da escassez de estudos relacionados às concepções de perdão em crianças, o objetivo do presente artigo é analisar as definições e os elementos condicionantes para o perdão de crianças com idades entre sete e 12 anos. Participaram deste estudo 169 alunos de escolas privada e pública. Utilizou-se uma entrevista semiestruturada, a partir da qual foram obtidas as respostas das crianças relacionadas às suas decisões de perdoar, posteriormente transcritas e analisadas mediante o procedimento de Análise Hierárquica Descendente através do software IRAMUTEQ. O conteúdo das falas se agrupou a partir de dois eixos temáticos, formando seis classes lexicais. O primeiro eixo abrange 54% do conteúdo e se relaciona com as “condições necessárias para perdoar”, o segundo eixo contempla 46% do conteúdo associado a “sentimentos e atitudes gerados pela ofensa/injustiça”. Foi identificada a influência para a decisão de perdoar de aspectos como a reconciliação, o pedido de desculpas e o esforço para reparação por parte do ofensor. Destaca-se, por fim, algumas limitações deste estudo e apontamentos para estudos posteriores, a fim de nortear práticas clínicas, educacionais e terapêuticas, considerando a possibilidade de melhorias individuais e coletivas a partir do perdão.


Keywords


Psicologia do Desenvolvimento, Concepções de Perdão, Crianças

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv.v7i5.29251

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