Evaluation of cone beam computed tomography imaging in placed dental implants: comparison between multiplanar reconstruction and parasagittal images / Avaliação de imagens de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico em implantes instalados: comparação entre reconstrução multiplanar e imagens parassagitais

Mariana Murai Chagas, Maria Alves Garcia Silva, Marcelo Gusmão Paraiso Cavalcanti

Abstract


This study aimed to compare multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) to parasagittal images of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for localizing placed dental implants concerning adjacent anatomical structures (nasal fossa floor, maxillary sinus, inferior alveolar canal and nasopalatine canal).

The CBCT exams of 164 placed implants were analyzed. All tomographic images were imported to Imaging Studio software to create parasagittal image templates. The images were randomized and analyzed by two oral and maxillofacial radiologists who classified whether or not there was perforation of the anatomical structure in question.

According to Kappa coefficient of agreement, the results including, all anatomical structures for inter-observer assessment was 0.81 and for intra-observer assessment, 0.79 for observer one and 0.89 for observer two. For each anatomical structure, the agreement ranged from 'substantial' to 'almost perfect' (nasal fossa floor 0.72, nasopalatine canal 0.92, maxillary sinus 0.81, and inferior alveolar canal 0.81).  

Based on our findings, there was substantial to almost perfect agreement when comparing MPR and parasagittal images of CBCT regarding of implant position relationship with anatomical structures. Since both modalities did not differ in implant position, and the MPR represents the complete and original volume that enables analysis in three dimensions, they can be the first-choice imaging modality to analyze placed dental implants.


Keywords


Cone-beam computed tomography, Dental implants, Diagnostic imaging

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n4-101

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