Eating habits and nutritional status of alcohol users admitted to a hospital unit / Hábitos alimentares e estado nutricional de alcoolistas internados em uma unidade hospitalar

Juliane Viero Feldman, Laise Balbinotti, Mariana Escobar, Martine Elisabeth Kienzle Hagen

Abstract


Aims: To verify eating habits prior to hospitalization and the nutritional status of alcoholic patients during the period of abstinence

Methods: This is a longitudinal, quantitative study, with data collection at hospitalization and 15 days after the first evaluation. Anthropometric measures were taken and a food frequency questionnaire was applied to assess eating habits prior to hospitalization.

Results: Twenty-six alcoholics participated in the study, aged 49.3 ± 7.3 years. At hospitalization, 65% of individuals were overweight or obese and, after treatment, had significantly increased weight (2.7 ± 2.1 kg; P<0.001), body mass index and waist circumference (P<0.05). Regarding the food frequency data, high consumption of simple carbohydrates and low protein were identified, with the following frequency of daily consumption: milk (23.1% of patients), cheese (15.4%), eggs (19.2) and meat (7.6%). Half of the individuals consumed sausages almost daily. The daily consumption of vegetables (30.7%) and fruits (42.3%) were below recommendations.

Conclusions: The significant increase in weight, body mass index and waist circumference after treatment and the inadequate eating habits, when compared to recommendations, demonstrated a necessity for interventions in these patients’ lifestyle in order to avoid the development of chronic non-communicable diseases.

 

 


Keywords


Alcoholism, Anthropometry, Body composition, Food consumption.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n3-720

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