Parvovirus and distemper - the serious gastroenteritis viral / Parvovirose e cinomose – as graves gastroenterites virais

Felipe Gaia de Sousa, Hannah Ferreira Costa, Ana Paola Brendolan

Abstract


Viruses, in their great majority, have the serious capacity to be easily transmitted through countless carriers. The great concern is due to the fact that they are able to promote critical conditions that threaten animal body homeostasis, inducing serious pathological conditions such as vomiting and diarrhea. Parvovirus is characterized by being a serious disease that affects a large part of the young animal population due to numerous reasons such as the nonexistence or lack of immunity right when they are born. Affected animals have very serious enteric conditions, which often lead the animal to death quickly. Canine distemper, caused by the canine distemper virus, causes enteric conditions and mainly neurological conditions, promoting diarrhea and nervous symptoms such as cases of paralysis and incoordination of the affected members. Diseases, if detected in time, enable effective therapeutic, control and prevention measures that can increase the life expectancy of the affected animals and, in some cases, cure patients.


Keywords


death, disease, dogs, virus

References


Abd El-Baky, A. A.; Mousa, S. A.; Kelany, W. M. Diagnosis of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis in dogs. Bioscience Research, v. 14, n. 4, p. 1223-1229, 2017.

Alere. Alere TM Veterinary Diagnosis, 2019. Available at: http://alerevet.com.br/Parvovirose.html.

Alere. Alere TM Veterinary Diagnosis, 2019a. Available at: http://alerevet.com.br/Cinomose-Ag.html.

Alves, F. S.; Alonso, F. H.; Horta, R. S.; Barbosa, B. C.; Beier, S.; Paes, P. R. O. Prognostic values of physical and hematological parameters of dogs naturally infected with parvovirus PVC-2: retrospective study of 103 cases. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec., v. 72, n.6, p. 2127-2134, 2020.

Arns, C. W.; Almeida, R. S.; Spilki, F. R.; Santos, M. B. Paramyxoviridae. In: Flores, EF (Ed.). Veterinary virology: general virology and viral diseases. 2nd ed. Santa Maria: Editora UFSM, 2012. p. 759-792.

Balvedi, L. E.; Dalla, C. C.; Krampe, J.; Pelizzoni, E. F.; Strapassom, M.; Tomaluski, A.; Carnevali, T. R.; Faccin, A.; Gottlieb, J.; Ribeiro, T. M. D. Therapeutic protocols used in the treatment of canine parvovirus in the northern region of Rio Grande do Sul. Faculdades Ideau, Rio Grande do Sul, 2015.

Bastos, J. E. D.; Silva, N. M.; Briceño, M. P. P.; Wilson, T. M.; Medeiros-Ronchi, A. A. Anatomopathological Changes in Canine Distemper Seropositive Dogs and Virus Detection In Sinoatrial Nodes. Bioscience Journal, v. 36, n. 2, p. 487-495, 2020.

Birchard, S. J.; Sherding, R. G. Manuel Saunders, Small Animal Clinic. 2. ed. São Paulo: Rocca, 2003.

Brito, L. B. S.; Perreira, O. T.; Oliveira, C. P. A.; Teófilo, T. S.; Oliveira, R. M.; Silva, A. L. A.; Torres, M. A. O. Epidemiological aspects of distemper in dogs treated at a Veterinary Hospital from 2011 to 2013. PUBVET, v.10, n.7, p. 518-522, 2016.

Carvalho, O. V.; Botelho, C. V.; Ferreira, C. G. T.; Scherer, P. O.; Soares-Martins, J. A. P.; Almeida, M. R.; Júnior, A. S. Immunopathogenic and Neurological Mechanisms of Canine Distemper Virus. Advances in Virology, v. 2012, p. 1-10, 2012.

Correa, W. M.; Correa, C. M. Infectious diseases of domestic mammals. 2 ed. Rio de Janeiro: MEDSI, 1992.

De Oliveira, P. S. B.; Cargnelutti, J. F.; Masuda, E. K.; Weiblen, R.; Flores, E. F. New variants of canine parvovirus in dogs in southern Brazil. Archives of Virology, 2019.

Degene, B.; Zebene, M. International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences, v. 6, n. 7, p. 12-19, 2019.

Desario, C.; Decaro, N.; Campolo, M .; Cavalli, A.; Cirone, F.; Elia, G.; Martella, V.; Lorusso, E.; Camero, M.; Buonavoglia, C. Canine parvovirus infection: Which diagnostic test for virus ? Journal of Virological Methods, p.179-185, 2005.

Dezengrini, R.; Weiblen, R.; Flores, E. F. Seroprevalence of infections by parvovirus, adenovirus, canine coronavirus and distemper virus in dogs from Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria, v.37, n.1, p.183-189, jan-feb., 2007.

Duarte, F. H. G.; Afonso, M. L. M. Animal welfare: senses attributed by veterinary academics. Brazilian Journal of Development, v. 6, n.12, p. 99430-99450, 2020.

Esfandiari, J.; Klingeborn, B. A. Comparative Study of a New Rapid and One-step test for the Detection of Parvovirus in Faeces from Dogs, Cats and Mink. J. Vet. Med., v. 47, p.145-153, 2000.

Ford, J.; L. McEndaffer,; Renshaw, R.; Molesan, A.; Kelly, K. Parvovirus Infection Is Associated With Myocarditis and Myocardial Fibrosis in Young Dogs. Veterinary Pathology, p.1-8, 2017.

Frade, M. T.; Dantas, A. C. M. Epidemiological, clinical and pathological aspects of canine distemper. VIII Congress of Scientific Initiation. Federal University of Campina Grande - Paraíba, 2011.

Freire, C. G. V.; Morães, M. E. Canine distemper: aspects related to diagnosis, treatment and vaccination. PUBVET, v.13, n.2, p.1-8, 2019.

Freitas, T. C. Canine distemper: case report. Federal University of Recôncavo da Bahia, Center for Agricultural, Environmental and Biological Sciences, Bahia, 2017.

Gimenes, T.; Santos, P. N.; Souza, W. P.; Vieira, I. H. Detection of IgG class antibodies for canine distemper in dogs in the municipality of Urutaí-GO testing the efficacy of national and imported vaccines. Gotano, 2016.

Gizzi, A. B. R. Diagnostic value of PCR panels in real time to detect the prevalence of etiologic agents of diarrhea in dogs. Curitiba, Federal University of Paraná, 2014.

Glickman, L. T.; Domanski, L. M.; Patronek, G. J.; Visintainer, F. Breed-related risk factors for canine parvovirus enteritis. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, v. 187, n.6, p. 589-94, 1985

Goddard, A.; Leisewitz, A. L. Canine Parvovirus. Vet. Clin. Small Anim. South Africa, v.40, p.1041-1053, 2010. Available at: . Accessed on: 15 abr. 2019.

Granados, O. F. O. Determination of viral etiologic agents of diarrhea in dogs in Brazil. Porto Alegre, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, 2015.

Grano, F. G.; Hamzê, A. L.; Pacheco, A. M. Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis - case report. Electronic Scientific Journal of Veterinary Medicine - ISSN: 1679-7353, Garça- SP, Ed. FAEF, n.13, 2009. Available at: . Accessed on: 15 abr. 2019.

Greene, C. E.; Decaro, N. In: Greene, C. E. Infectious Diseases in Dogs and Cats. 4th ed. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan, 2015, p.161-179.

Greene, C. E.; Vandevelde, M. In: Greene, C. E. Infectious Diseases in Dogs and Cats. 4th ed. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan, 2015, p.72-108.

Guyton, A. C.; Hall, J. E. Treatise on Medical Physiology. 12ed. Rio de Janeiro-RJ: Elsevier, 2017.

Hamura, M. Diagnosis and molecular characterization of parvovirus in dogs with gastroenteritis in the western region of paraná. Pallottine: UFP, 2017.

Hoskins, J. D. Canine viral diseases. In: Ettinger, S. J.; Feldman, E. C. Treatise on Veterinary Internal Medicine: Diseases of the dog and cat. 5. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan. 2014, V.1, p. 440 - 444.

Isola, J. G. M. P. Clinical and laboratory parameters related to the prognosis in dogs with hospital gastroenteritis. Jaboticabal, Faculty of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences - UNESP, 2014.

Kim, D. Y.; Zinn, M. M.; Odemuyiwa, S. O.; Júnior, W. J. M.; Johnson, G. C. Myocarditis caused by naturally acquired canine distemper virus infection in 4 dogs. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, p. 1-3, 2020.

Larson, L. J.; Hageny, T. L.; Haase, C. J.; Schultz, R. D. Effect of Recombinant Canine Distemper Vaccine on Antibody Titers in Previously Vaccinated Dogs. Veterinary Therapeutics, v. 7, n. 2, 2006.

Maes, R. K.; Wise, A. G.; Fitzgerald, S. D.; Ramudo, A.; Kline, J.; Vilnis, A.; Benson, C. A canine distemper outbreak in Alaska: diagnosis and strain characterization using sequence analysis. p. 213-220, 2003.

Mendes, A. C. G.; Junior, J. B. S.; Medeiros, K. R.; Lyra, T. M.; Son, D. A. M.; Sá, D. A. Evaluation of the hospital information system – SIH / SUS as a complementary source in the surveillance and monitoring of compulsory notification diseases. Epidemiological Report of SUS, v.9, n.2, p.67-86, 2000.

Molesan, A.; Goodman, L.; Ford, J.; Lovering, S. J.; Kelly, K. The Causes of Canine Myocarditis and Myocardial Fibrosis Are Elusive by Targeted Molecular Testing: Retrospective Analysis and Literature Review. Veterinary Pathology, p. 1-17, 2019.

Monteiro, M. V. B.; Santos, M. S.; Costa, C. T. C.; Whiteman, C. W.; Monteiro, F. O. B. Canine distemper in domestic and wild animals. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, v. 53, n. 2, p. 216-223, 2010.

Monti, F. S. Antibodies against distemper virus in vaccinated dogs in different establishments in the urban area of Viçosa / MG. Viçosa: UFV, 2004.

Moraes, F. C.; Cruz, C. A.; Bartoli, R. B. M.; Souza, D. B. Diagnosis and control of canine distemper. PUBVET, Londrina, v.7, n.14, ed. 237, 2013.

Morães, M. P.; Costa, P. R. In: Flores, E. F. Veterinary Virology. Ed UFSM, Santa Maria, chapter 14, p. 388-392, 2007.

Mouzin, D. E.; Lorenzen, M. J.; Haworth, J. D.; King, V. L. Duration of the serological response to five viral antigens in dogs. Journal of the American Association of Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 224, p. 55-60, 2004.

Negão, F. J.; Alfieri, A. A.; Alfieri, A. F. Evaluation of urine and leukocytes as biological samples for the ante-mortem detection of canine distemper virus by RT-PCR in naturally infected dogs. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec., v.59, n.1, p.253-257, 2007.

Oliveira, E. C.; Pescado, C. A; Sonne, L.; Pavarini, S. P.; Santos, A. S.; Corbellini, L. G.; Driemeier, D. Immunohistochemical analysis of dogs naturally infected with canine parvovirus. Brazilian Veterinary Research, Rio Grande do Sul, v.2, n.29, p.131-136, Feb. 2009.

Oliveira, E. D. Pathological findings and immunohistochemical evaluation in dogs with canine parvovirus. Porto Alegre: UFRS, 2007.

Paes, A. C.; Mangia, S. H. Canine Parvovirus. In: Megid, J.; Ribeiro, M. G.; Paes, A. C. Infectious diseases in farm and companion animals. 1. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Roca, 2016. p. 560-582.

Pelisari, T.; Souza, C. P.; Santos, K. G.; Fernandes, S. S. The perception of pet owners about the importance of immunizing dogs and cats. Student yearbook of scientific initiation production, v.13, n. 21, p.145-155, 2010.

Pereira, C. A. D. In: Ettinger, S. J.; Feldman, E. C. Treatise on Veterinary Internal Medicine: Dog and cat diseases. 5. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan, 2014. v. 2, p. 2420-2433.

Pereira, C. A. D. In: Jericó, M. M.; Neto, J. P. A.; Kogika, M. M. Treatise on Internal Medicine for Dogs and Cats. 1ed. Rio de Janeiro: Roca, 2015, p.788-794.

Prittie, J. Canine parvoviral enteritis: a review of diagnosis, management, and prevention. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, v.14, p.167-176, 2004. PUBVET, Londrina, v.7, n.14, ed.237, 2013.

Ranno, I. L.; Leseux, C. Diagnosis of canine distemper by rapid test at the veterinary hospital FAG. 2nd National Congress of Veterinary Medicine FAG, 2018.

Rendon-Marin, S.; Budaszewski, R. D. F.; Canal, C. W.; Ruiz-Saenz, J. Tropism and molecular pathogenesis of canine distemper virus. Virology Journal, v.16, n. 30, p. 1-15 2019.

Santos, V. G. D.; Botteon, R. D. C. C. M.; Cordeiro, M. D.; Fonseca, A. H. D. Canine distemper virus, Ehrlichia canis and Borrelia spp. in stray dogs. Revista de Salud Animal, v. 42, n. 1, 2020.

Sellon, R. K; Crawford, C. P. Canine Viral Diseases. In: Ettinger, S. J.; Feldman, E. C. Textbook of veterinary internal medicine. 7th ed. Louis: Elsevier Saunders, v.1, 2010, p.959-960.

Sherding, R. G. Intestinal viruses. In: Bichard, S. J.; Sherding, R. G. Manual Saundrers Small Animal Clinic. 3. ed. São Paulo: Roca, 2013, p.162-171.

Silva, M. M. O. evaluation of rapid methods for the laboratory diagnosis of parvovirus and factors related to infection in dogs in the south of the city of Rio de Janeiro and in the city of Duque de Caxias. Niterói, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Fluminense University, 2010.

Silveira, A. S. Clinical and hematological retrospective evaluation of dogs suspected and diagnosed with distemper and parvovirus in the veterinary hospital of UFMT. Federal University of Mato Grosso, Uniprofessional Residency Program in Veterinary Medicine Preventive Veterinary Medicine, f. 26, 2015.

Souza, L. C.; Modolo, J. R.; Padovani, C. R.; Mendonça, A. O.; Lopes, A. L. S.; Silva, W. B. Ownership of dogs in the municipality of Botucatu-SP realities and challenges. Rev. Educ. Contin. CRMV- SP, São Paulo. v. 5, n. 2, p. 226-232, 2002. Available at: . Accessed on: 16 ago. 2019.

Sprea, G. Identification of the main gram negative bacteria prevalent in diarrheal feces of dogs with infectious gastroenteritis and their sensitivity to antimicrobials. Curitiba, Federal University of Paraná, 2005.

Suătean, M. I.; Spînu, M.; Olah, D. I.; Vasiu, I.; Potârniche, A.V.; Pop, R. A.; Vasiu, A.; Brudașcă, G. F. Description of severe haemorrhagic gastroenteritis in a 5 months old puppy. A Case Report. Rev. Rom. Med. Vet., v. 30, n. 3, p. 71-74, 2020.

Tozato, C. C.; Zadra, V. F.; Basso, C. R.; Junior, J. P. A. Canine distemper virus detection by different methods of One-Step RT-qPCR. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria, v. 46, n. 9, p. 1601-1606, 2016.

Vannamahaxay, S.; Chuammitri, P. Update on canine Parvovirus: Molecular and genomic aspects, with emphasis on genetic variants affecting the canine host. Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi, v. 23, n. 5, p. 847-856, 2017.

Vieira, M. J. N. M. P. Canine parvovirus. Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto, 2011.

Wang, B.; Wang, X. Species diversity of fecal microbial flora in Canis lupus familiaris infected with canine parvovirus. Veterinary Microbiology, v. 237, 2019.

Willard, M. D. Disorders of the intestinal tract. In: Nelson, R. W.; Couto, C. G. (Org.). Internal Medicine for Small Animals. 4th ed. Rio de Janeiro: Elsevier, 2010. p. 426-438.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n3-093

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.