Development of eco-friendly formulations containing pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) residue particles and extract / Desenvolvimento de formulações eco-friendly contendo extrato e resíduo de romã (Punica granatum L.)

Melissa Marques Gonçalves, Camila Benato Adonski, Amanda Tavares Fortunato, Bárbara de Paula Borges, Jaqueline Carneiro

Abstract


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the skin aging process. To prevent the changes triggered by ROSs, antioxidants can be used, with pomegranate being an important source of these compounds. The cosmetic industry's interest in natural and eco-friendly assets is growing. In this study, two cosmetic formulations were developed: one exfoliating formulation (F1), containing spheres of crushed pomegranate peel, and a concentrated serum (F2) containing pomegranate extract. The antioxidant potential of the pomegranate extract was characterized by the DPPH method. F1 and F2 were assessed for accelerated stability and sensory characteristics, by applying a questionnaire to 30 volunteers (approved by the ethics committee; number 3,503,062). The pomegranate extract revealed an EC50 of 0.05% v/v. Both formulations kept stability during the 60 days of exposure to different conditions (exposure to light, room temperature, heat, and refrigeration). The results of the sensory analysis showed a satisfactory acceptance from the target audience, with 80% of men and 100% of women declaring that they would buy the evaluated products. Therefore, the spheres of pomegranate peel produced could be used as a substitute for polymeric microspheres and pomegranate extract as an antioxidant source. The two formulations developed represent potential new cosmetic anti-aging products.


Keywords


reactive oxygen species, antioxidant, DPPH, skin care.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n3-088

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