Associação entre o nível insuficiente de atividade física, fatores psicossociais e hábitos alimentares em adolescentes/ Association between insufficient level of physical activity, psychosocial factors and eating habits in adolescents

Cristiani Alves Brandão, Lucas Souza Santos, Davi Soares Santos Ribeiro, Maria Jaqueline Reis Almeida Rodrigues, Samara Celestino dos Santos, Edivaneide Oliveira Lima, Aldemir Smith Menezes

Abstract


Objetivo: analisar a associação entre o nível insuficiente de atividade física, fatores psicossociais e hábitos alimentares em adolescentes de um estado do Nordeste do Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com dados secundários de base escolar, com amostra representativa de 4139 adolescentes entre 14 a 19 anos. Os dados foram coletados por meio do questionário Global Student Health Survey (GSHS/OMS). O desfecho foi nível de atividade física, onde considerou-se insuficientemente ativo o tempo < 300 minutos por semana. Foram analisados quatro fatores psicossociais: bullying, percepção negativa de estresse, sentimento de solidão e dificuldade para dormir. E as variáveis relacionadas aos hábitos alimentares avaliadas foram o consumo inadequado de frutas e verduras e consumo de refrigerantes. Análise de regressão logística binária foi utilizada para associação entre o desfecho e as variáveis comportamentais e sociodemográficas. Resultados: Nas jovens do sexo feminino, baixo consumo de frutas mais verduras e consumo de refrigerante uma ou mais vezes ao dia estiveram associados ao NIAF. Os adolescentes meninos que sofreram bullying e tem baixo consumo de frutas mais verduras tem maior chance de ter NIAF. Conclusão: Associou-se ao NIAF, o baixo consumo de frutas mais verduras e consumo de refrigerante uma ou mais vezes ao dia e bullying, fatores que impactam na saúde física e mental dos adolescentes.

 


Keywords


Atividade física, hábitos alimentares, fatores psicossociais.

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n2-443

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