Rural Science and Technology in Territories under Conflicts on Amazon - The Case of Ipaupixuna Village/ Ciência e Tecnologia Rural em Territórios sob Conflitos na Amazônia - O Caso da Vila Ipaupixuna

Patricia Chaves de Oliveira

Abstract


Thinking about science and technology in rural niches in the Amazon naturally translates into an interdisciplinary act in the face of numerous socio-environmental and economic challenges. Thus, scientific knowledge more than ever, should now contribute to resistance to traditional peoples in the Amazon in the face of illegal deforestation, burning and soybean expansion over indigenous and quilombolas territories. Under this landscape of social conflicts and environmental degradation, with serious economic damage to traditional populations, it is therefore up to science and rural technology to innovate to resist, but, an innovation that transcends scientific or technological aspects and that strongly carries solidarity and entrepreneurship. A new way of doing science and technology in the middle of the forest and in the 21st century is necessary, this form, which is expressed in trinomials such as science-solidarity-entrepreneur or technology-solidarity-entrepreneur. The objective of this research was to create theoretical models of Conservation and Production Systems of certain plant species of high Use Value for indigenous families of the Ipaupixuna-Etnia Munduruku Village. The methodology used consisted in the analysis and use of data from the ethnobotanical and floristic survey of Ipaupixuna Village and consequent elaboration of a set of scientific-technological-solidarity models. The results were the creation of two (2) Species Conservation Centers, in situ and on the farm; two (2) production models focused on economic exploitation, such as Medicinal Forests and Etnogardens and finally 3 (three) units of processing plants aimed at the technological increase of plant extraction (Techextractivism).


Keywords


Agrarian sciences, Munduruku, Agroextractivism.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n1-547

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