La teoria de la difusión de la innovación aplicada al estudio del uso de una biblioteca digital en la enseñanza superior – estudio de caso* / A teoria da difusão da inovação aplicada ao estudo do uso de uma biblioteca digital no ensino superior - estudo de caso

Maria Eduarda Rodrigues, Marrgarita Pérez- Pulido, Antonio Pulgarín Guerrero

Abstract


La b-on es una biblioteca digital no gratuita existente en el Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco (IPCB), Portugal, que registra bajos niveles de uso de la b-on por los docentes/investigadores. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar el uso de la b-on en el IPCB, utilizando la Teoría de la Difusión de Innovación (TDI) de Rogers. Se aplicó un cuestionario (Google Docs) distribuido en línea a los docentes/investigadores del IPCB, obteniendo el 33,7% de respuestas válidas. Se ha comprobado que es posible aplicar la TDI al estudio de la biblioteca digital habiéndose identificado los elementos de la teoría: Innovación, Sistema social, Tiempo, Canales de comunicación. Los datos obtenidos del análisis de estos elementos de la Teoría permitieron llegar a las siguientes conclusiones: los docentes/investigadores se pueden categorizar en Innovadores, Primeros adoptantes, Mayoría precoz, Mayoría tardía y Tradicionales. Los Innovadores conocen mejor y utilizan más la b-on, mientras los Tradicionales ni la conocen ni la utilizan. La b-on posee contenidos adecuados, pero es necesaria la formación. Ventaja relativa, Compatibilidad y Experimentación revelaron impactar positivamente en la adopción de la b-on. Finalmente, el bibliotecario emergió como agente de cambio.

 

 


Keywords


biblioteca digital, Teoría de la Difusión de Innovación, enseñanza superior, docente/investigador, estudios de usuarios.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n1-217

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