The genera Phillipsia, Chlorociboria and Cookeina (Ascomycota) in Brazil and keys to the known species / Os gêneros Phillipsia, Chlorociboria e Cookeina (Ascomycota) no Brasil e chave para identificação das espécies conhecidas

Lilian Pedroso Maggio, Fernando Augusto Bertazzo da Silva, Marines de Avila Heberle, Ana Luiza Klotz, Marisa Terezinha Lopes Putzke, Jair Putzke

Abstract


Ascomycota represent the largest and most diverse group of fungi in the world and can be found in many different habitats. Unfortunately, the number registered for Brazil is low, even lower than Basidiomycota, especially due to the lack of taxonomists interested in the group. The present work aimed to study the diversity of the genera Chlorociboria, Cookeina and Phillipsia in Brazil and contribute to the easy recognition of species of these genera with the elaboration of identification keys to all species known. Using the bibliographic references citing the three genera, a list of recognized species was elaborated to Brazil and to the world. Field samples were taken in the Pampa Biome, Southern Brazil to identify occurrences in this area. Five species of Cookeina, 4 Phillipsia and 2 Chlorociboria were recognized as occurring in Brazil. Keys to all species known of Chlorociboria (27 species), Cookeina (12) and Phillipsia (26) are proposed and the distribution of all species presented.


Keywords


fungi, apothecia forming, diversity, taxonomy, mycogeography

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n1-123

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