The urban area of the Verde River Basin and the environmental impacts caused by the urbanization of Ponta Grossa – PR – Brasil/ A área urbana da bacia do rio Verde e os impactos ambientais provocados pela urbanização de Ponta Grossa - PR – Brasil

Gilson Campos Ferreira da Cruz


The goal of the present paper was to search for elements to understand how the urban growth and the urbanization process of a city cause environmental impacts in a hydrographic basin on which it develops. In order to reach the goal, several methodological procedures and research techniques were defined to identify the environmental impacts present in the urban part of the Verde River hydrographic basin, caused by the development of the city of Ponta Grossa, Paraná State, Brazil. The growth of the city over the Verde River basin has been occurring since its inception, initially in the sub-basins of Pilão de Pedra stream and Lageado Grande stream, later in Francelina stream, as well as directly on the Verde River. The identified environmental impacts range from the presence of rubbish on the banks and riverbed, to sewage dumped directly into the streams and into the river. The situation found in the three urbanized streams is worrisome, but the impacts found directly on the larger Verde River are more alarming, as they indicate a tendency to transform at least part of the river into an open sewer, due to pollution resulting from the impacts of urban growth and urbanization.


Hydrographic Basin, Environmental Impact, Environment, Pollution.

Full Text:



BARRETO, T. K.. Pedogeomorphological Dynamics in Furnas Formation – Verde River Basin/ Ponta Grossa – PR. Masters dissertation, Graduate Program in Geography. State University of Ponta Grossa, 2016.

CASSETI, V.. Environment and relief appropriation. 2nd ed. Contexto, São Paulo, 1995.

CODEM (Municipal Development Commission) Development Master Plan of Ponta Grossa. CODEM/CODEPAR/DATM, Ponta Grossa, 1967.

CRUZ, G. C. F.. Urban Climate of Ponta Grossa- PR: an approach to climate dynamics in a Brazilian subtropical medium city. Doctoral Thesis, Graduate Program of the Faculty of Philosophy, Letters and Humanities. University of São Paulo, 1999.

DIEDRICHS, A. S., ANDRADE FILHO, A. G., BALARIM, C. R.. Hydrological Studies and Effects of Urbanization in the stream Ronda in Ponta Grossa – Paraná. Publicatio UEPG. http: doi: 10.5212/Publ.Exatas.v.15i1.025037, 2009.

GOMES, E. M.. Urban Evolution Ponta Grossa-PR: an analysis between the 1960s and 2000s. Master Thesis, Postgraduate Program in Geography. Federal University of Santa Catarina, 2009.

GUERRA, A., CUNHA, S.. Urban Environmental Impacts in Brasil. Bertrand Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, 2001.

IBGE Maps. Available in: . Accessed 28 set. 2020.

IPARDES (Paraná Institute of Social Economic Development). List of municipalities of state ordered by geographic regions of the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) 2012. Available in: . Accessed 25 feb. 2020, 2020.

ITCG (Paraná Institute of Land and Cartography and Geology) Available in: . Accessed 10 set. 2020, 2020.

LUZ, D. T et all. Evaluation of areas with environmental vulnerability in the Rio Claro hydrographic basin, SP – Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Development, Curitiba, v. 6, n. 7, p.53148-53164 jul. 2020. Available in: Accessed Set. 2020.

MILÉO, C. D. E. P., MARTINS, M. J. B., STASIAK, L. D. G.. From Potreiro to Uvaranas: its people and its history. Indústria Pontagrossense de Artes Gráficas, Ponta Grossa, 1986.

PREFEITURA, M. P. G. (Ponta Grossa City Hall). Participatory Master Plan, 2006. Available in: . Accessed 28 jan. 2020, 2020.

SCHERER, T. W.. The relationship between the urbanization process and environmental degradation in the Padre stream basin, Ponta Grossa, PR. Specialization Monograph, Postgraduate Program in Geography and Regional Development. State University of Ponta Grossa, 2005.

TUCCI, C. E. M.. Hydrology: science and application. ABRH, Porto Alegre, 1997.

USGS (United States Geological Survey). Landsat 8 Image, 2009. Available in: . Accessed 5 de feb. 2020, 2020.



  • There are currently no refbacks.