Perception of self-efficacy in active elderly people with Parkinson's disease / Percepção de autoeficácia em idosos ativos com doença de Parkinson

Rômulo de Abreu Custódio, Márcio Rabelo Mota, Amanda Ribeiro Alves, Renata Aparecida Elias Dantas, Ricardo Jacó de Oliveira, Ana Paula Vaz da Silva Mota, Iranse Oliveira Silva, Carmen Jansen de Cárdenas

Abstract


The aim of the research was to analyze the perception of self-efficacy in elderly patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) who participate in a strength exercise program. It was a transversal study with exploratory and quantitative aspects. The sample consisted of 37 elderly male volunteers diagnosed with PD. Were used Scale of Hoehn and Yahr to analyze the clinical evolution of PD, Perceived General Self-Efficacy Scale for the analysis of the perception of self-efficacy, Mini Mental State Examination for verification of cognitive abilities. Classification was performed in low and high self-efficacy, being 56.8% of subjects classified with high self-efficacy and 43.2% with low self-efficacy. No significance level was found between the correlation of auto-efficacy with the stage of Parkinson's disease, the time of diagnosis, or cognitive ability. There was agreement with results obtained in studies that relate resistance exercises and Parkinson's disease. Results found in the present study for high self-efficacy indicated that people with diseases with deleterious characteristics like PD, practicing resistance exercise, have better condition of coping with the inherent limitations of the disease. Therefore, it was concluded that the subjects participating in the resistance exercise program had high perception of self-efficacy.


Keywords


Exercise Therapy, Strength Exercise, Time with PD.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n10-517

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