Cariostáticos na prática odontopediátrica: importância e indicações de uso no contexto da pandemia da COVID-19 / Cariostatics in pediatric dental practice: importance and indications of use in the context of COVID-19 pandemic

Ana Laura Vilela de Carvalho, Bárbara Andrade Leimig Rodrigues, Letícia Santos Alves de Melo, Lorena de Macêdo Silva, Elizabeth Louisy Marques Soares da Silva

Abstract


Objetivo: Caracterizar a importância e as indicações do uso dos cariostáticos na prática odontopediátrica em tempos de pandemia da COVID-19. Materiais e métodos: Foi realizada busca online por meio das bases de dados PubMed e Cochrane. A consulta foi restrita aos anos de 2010 a 2020. Os descritores e seus sinônimos foram selecionados por meio de consultas no DeCS (Descritores em Ciências da Saúde) e MeSH (Cabeçalhos de Assunto Médico): "cariostatic agents", “dental caries”, "pediatric dentistry" e "coronavirus infections". Foi aplicada uma escala de qualidade aos estudos clínicos randomizados. Resultados: A amostra final consistiu em 17 artigos, dos quais 12 foram Ensaios Clínicos Randomizados e 5 artigos de Revisão Sistemática, todos estes publicados entre 2012 e 2019. Através da aplicação da escala de qualidade metodológica aos Ensaios Clínicos Randomizados, observou-se que dos 12 estudos, quatro artigos obtiveram 5 pontos, que corresponde ao score máximo e nove estudos alcançaram o score 4, indicando serem estudos de alta qualidade. Conclusão: Conclui-se que o uso do diamino fluoreto de prata em altas concentrações mostrou-se efetivo no controle de lesões ativas de cárie. Seu uso corrobora as normas atuais de biossegurança em consultório odontológico durante a pandemia da COVID-19 através de produção reduzida de aerossol, mínima intervenção e bom tempo clínico, mostrando-se, portanto, como uma ótima opção para tratamentos conservadores e efetivos no cenário atual de saúde.

 

 


Keywords


Cariostáticos, Odontopediatria, Infecções por Coronavírus

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n10-163

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