Potencialidades da Eichhornia azurea (aguapé) na remoção do corante têxtil turquesa remazol em meio aquoso: Estudo dos mecanismos cinéticos de adsorção / Potentialities of Eichhornia azurea (water hyacinth) in the removal of the turquoise textile dye remazol in aqueous medium: Study of the kinetic mechanisms of adsorption

Janilson Lima Souza, Carlos Alexandre Holanda, Antonio Marcos de Lima Aires, Tiago dos Reis Almeida, Eleilde de Sousa Oliveira, Marta Bianca da Costa Rocha, Allan Nunes Costa

Abstract


Um dos principais problemas ambientais na atualidade consiste no lançamento de efluentes têxteis em águas naturais. Os corantes têxteis são compostos indesejáveis no meio ambiente devido a difícil degradação, elevada DBO e DQO, caráter bioacumulativo além de toxidade aguda e crônica na biota. Neste trabalho a Eichornia azurea (raiz, caule e folha) in natura foi utilizada como adsorvente para a remoção do corante têxtil turquesa remazol em meio aquoso. Os adsorventes foram triturados, submetido a diversas lavagens com água destilada, secado e peneirado obtendo uma granulométrica entre 50 – 200 µm. Ensaios de adsorção foram realizados utilizando a técnica de batelada. As concentrações das soluções dos corantes foram determinadas por espectrofotometria no UV-visível em 625 nm. Estudos de influência do pH e determinação do pHzpc demonstraram uma melhor eficiência de remoção do corante em pH 1,0 para as três matrizes adsorventes. O pHzpc pôde ser estimado em 4,5, 5,0 e 4,6 para raiz, caule e folha, respectivamente. As cinéticas de adsorção demonstraram um mecanismo de segunda-ordem evidenciando que a adsorção do turquesa remazol é dependente tanto da concentração do adsorvente quanto da concentração dos adsorvatos. Estudos de difusão intraparticula demonstraram que este não é o único mecanismo predominante nas adsorções. As quantidades removidas de corante pelos bioadsorventes de aguapé foram superiores à 96 % sendo possível recuperar em média 20 % desta quantidade via mecanismo de adsorção. Conclui-se, portanto, que os bioadsorventes de aguapé possuem um grande potencial na remoção de corantes têxteis em efluentes industriais.


Keywords


Eichornia azurea, turquesa remazol, adsorção.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n10-142

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