Evaluation of food selection of fire ant Solenopsis saevissima (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in resources with and without immature stages of Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann, 1819) (Diptera: Calliphoridae)/ Avaliação da seleção alimentar da formiga Solenopsis saevissima (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) em recursos com e sem estágios imatudos de Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann, 1819) (Diptera: Calliphoridae)

Raquel Mendonça, Diego Melo, Fabio Prezoto

Abstract


Ants of the genus Solenopsis Westwood, 1840 play a relevant role in forensic entomology studies due to the changes they can cause in cadaveric fauna This study aims to evaluate the food selection behavior of Solenopsis saevissima (Smith,1855) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) ants against the offered combinations of decaying meat with Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann, 1819) eggs x decaying meat without eggs and decaying meat with C. albiceps larvae x decaying meat without larvae. Ant flow did not vary significantly when different diets were compared (p >0.05). However, the correlation between ant flow and temperature showed a higher number of ant activity during periods of higher temperature (p˂ 0.05), reinforcing the relationship of maintenance of metabolism of these individuals and environmental temperature. There was no food selection by the fire ants in the tests performed (p >0.05), but we could observe a positive correlation between flow and temperature (p˂ 0.05). Besides the lack of selection observed in this study corroborates the omnivorous role of species of the genus Solenopsis.


Keywords


Ant flow, Blowfly, Decaying meat, Forensic Entomology, Temperature.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n10-005

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