Special precautions in oral and maxillofacial surgeries regarding COVID-19 transmission / Precauções especiais nas cirurgias orais e maxilo-faciais relativamente à transmissão COVID-19

Matheus Francisco Barros Rodrigues, Layla Louise de Amorim Rocha, Dennis Dinelly de Souza, Rodrigo da Franca Acioly, Daniel do Carmo Carvalho, Cristofe Coelho Lopes da Rocha, Rimsky Coelho Lopes da Rocha

Abstract


The World Health Organization has defined the outbreak of the new coronavirus as a public health emergency of international concern. The average age of patients affected by the disease caused by the virus ranges from 49 to 59 years. The symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection include fever, cough, acute respiratory disease, and, in severe cases, the disease may progress to pneumonia and renal failure that may lead to death. Many oral and maxillofacial hospital procedures produce aerosol and droplets contaminated by blood, bacteria, and viruses. The purpose of this study is to gather recommendations from health authorities and scientific articles in order to educate surgeons regarding the procedures to assist and treat in oral and maxillofacial surgeries. The objective is to prevent the transmission of COVID-19 during the treatment of patients in urgent and emergency situations. The study’s methodology used the guidelines provided by the Brazilian College of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, in addition to the recommendations and epidemiologic data from national and international health authorities. The implementation of special precautions in oral and maxillofacial surgeries may elucidate questions related to the transmission of the disease by asymptomatic carriers and help control the spread of the virus.


Keywords


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), Oral and maxillofacial, Urgency and emergency.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n9-144

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