Manifestações neurológicas provocadas por COVID-19: uma revisão integrativa da literatura / Neurological manifestations caused by COVID-19: an integrative literature review

Maria Eduarda da Silva, Wellington Manoel da Silva, Gabriela Maria da Silva, Robert Galvão de Souza, Juliana Andrade dos Santos, Michelli Kassia Silva da Luz, Myrelle Dayane Félix Ferreira, Tayná Maria Lima Silva, Lydia Caroline Peixoto da Rocha, Cassandra Alves de Oliveira Silva

Abstract


Este estudo se propõe a investigar, caracterizar e discutir evidências das manifestações neurológicas causadas pelo COVID-19. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, com o objetivo de identificar, analisar e sintetizar resultados de estudos acerca das manifestações neurológicas causadas por COVID-19. Foram selecionados 7 artigos, todos revisões da literatura que relataram achados iniciais sobre as manifestações neurológicas em pacientes acometidos por COVID-19. Os principais mecanismos de infecção por SARS-CoV-2 que causa danos ao Sistema Nervoso são: lesão por infecção direta (via de circulação sanguínea ou via neural), lesão por hipóxia, lesão imune e por meio da enzima conversora de angiotensina 2. Os principais sintomas evidenciados no Sistema Nervoso Central foram tontura e dor de cabeça. Outras complicações foram vertigem, comprometimento da consciência, acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico agudo e hemorragia intracraniana. Além disso, os principais sintomas no Sistema Nervoso Periférico foram hipogeusia e hiposmia. Desta forma, pacientes que apresentem sintomas neurológicos, a saber, dor de cabeça, distúrbio de consciência, parestesia e outros sinais patológicos devem receber avaliação precoce, afim de evitar complicações.


Keywords


Coronavírus, Infecções por COVID-19, Sistema nervoso.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n7-750

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