Infecções odontogênicas, da etiologia ao tratamento: uma revisão da literatura / Odontogenic infections, from etiology to treatment: a literature review

Eduarda Lapenda Gomes da Fonseca, Maria Aparecida Francisco, Maria Alyce Beatriz de Souza Santos, Juliana Santos Lira, Luís Fernando Tenório, Manuelly Pereira de Morais Santos, Jhony Herick Cavalcanti Nunes Negreiros, Marília Gabriela Mendes de Alencar, Lívia Mirelle Barbosa

Abstract


Objetivo: Diagnosticar de forma precoce as infecções odontogênicas e abordar de acordo com a severidade da infecção um correto plano de tratamento, de forma que correlacione uma possível ligação da condição sistêmica do paciente com a infecção, indicando o uso de antibioticoterapia e/ou técnicas cirúrgicas. Método: Revisão de literatura resultante de pesquisas realizadas através das plataformas Medline via Pubmed, SCIELO e LILACS. Revisão de literatura: São relatados fatores que poderiam ser evitados de acordo com o diagnóstico precoce e, de fatores pré-existentes que tem o percentual de acentuar essas infecções. Bem como, vem apresentando suas possíveis manifestações clínicas, e formas de diagnóstico. Discussão: É explanado de acordo com os sinais e sintomas relacionados ao caso quais medidas de tratamento a serem tomadas, a fim de prevenir ou minimizar o desenvolvimento de complicações mais severas. Conclusão: A melhor resolução é de que a atenção e o investimento sejam voltados à prevenção da infecção que ocorre na atenção básica, pois o quanto antes o tratamento for realizado, menores serão as complicações do caso clínico.


Keywords


Assistência Odontológica, Procedimentos cirúrgicos ambulatoriais, Assistência Hospitalar.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n7-163

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