Impacto da pobreza sobre a escolaridade e o trabalho das crianças de 6 a 14 anos no Brasil / Impact of poverty on schooling and work of children from 6 to 14 years in Brazil

Abdoulaye Aboubacari Mohamed, Carlos Andres Charris Vizcaino, Victor Medeiros, Rayan Walf, Fabrício Sepúlveda Gomes

Abstract


A pobreza é um fenômeno destrutivo na vida de crianças de famílias pobres. Ela retarda a educação dessas crianças e empurra a família a enviar crianças no mercado de trabalho. Com base nos dados da PNAD 2015, esta pesquisa examina os determinantes da escolaridade e o trabalho infantil, e principalmente, faz ligação com a pobreza. A partir de um modelo probit bivariado, este estudo tenta verificar as implicações testáveis do quadro teórico do efeito da pobreza sobre a escolaridade e o trabalho infantil no contexto do Brasil. Os resultados obtidos mostram uma correlação positiva entre o trabalho infantil e a pobreza, e uma correlação negativa entre a frequência escolar das crianças. Eles também revelam o papel preponderante do capital social que tem sido negligenciado na análise econômica da participação infantil em atividades socioeconômicas.

Keywords


Pobreza, Frequência Escolar, Trabalho Infantil, Probit Bivariado

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n7-048

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