Propriedades terapêuticas do gênero cleome, familia cleomaceae / Therapeutic properties of the cleome gender, cleomaceae family

Pármenas Edson de Medeiros Soares, João Eduardo Souza Silva, José Israel Guerra Junior, Gabriela Cavalcante da Silva

Abstract


Contendo mais de 200 espécies de plantas, o gênero Cleome (Cleomaceae) demonstra ser uma vasta fonte de ervas com propriedades medicinais. Dentre as atividades terapêuticas encontradas no gênero está o efeito hepatoprotetor, anti-inflamatório, em neoplasias e infecções. A Cleome spinosa é uma planta pertencente ao gênero Cleome e que pode ser encontrada no Brasil. Extratos da planta foram testados para diversos problemas de saúde como é o caso das infecções, neoplasias e lesões hepáticas. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi o de realizar um levantamento na literatura sobre as propriedades terapêuticas do gênero Cleome com ênfase na Cleome spinosa. O presente estudo, trata-se de uma revisão literária, que se utilizou de 36 artigos, publicados nas bases de dados SciELO, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, MEDLINE e LILACS, com recorte temporal entre os anos 2003 até 2020. Foram descritas predominantemente as propriedades terapêuticas das plantas, dados dos ensaios e em menor proporção os aspectos etnofarmacológicos e botânicos. Em sumo, o gênero Cleome, detém de uma vasta variedade de constituintes químicos em sua composição, que por sua vez detém de diversas atividades biológicas, que podem servir como base para desenvolvimento de novos produtos para a terapêutica, entretanto se faz necessários mais estudo para elucidação dos mecanismos de ação e da atividade toxicológica.


Keywords


Fitoterapia, Compostos Fitoquímicos, Cleome.

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n7-041

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