Microwave-assisted extraction: an alternative to extract Piper aduncum essential oil / Extração assistida por micro-ondas: uma alternativa para a obtenção do óleo essencial de Piper aduncum

Lidiane Diniz do Nascimento, Lorena Queiroz Almeida, Erika Milene Pinto de Sousa, Cristiane Maria Leal Costa, Kauê Santana da Costa, Eloisa Helena de Aguiar Andrade, Lênio José Guerreiro de Faria

Abstract


Hydrodistillation and steam distillation have been widely described as methods of obtaining essential oils, however, green technologies with lower levels of energy consumption, time, and solvent have gained increasing prominence. Piper aduncum has confirmed occurrences throughout the Brazilian territory and its essential oil has been described with antifungal, anti-helminthic, antioxidant, and repellent activities. In the present study, we compared the essential oil yield and the dillapiole content from the essential oils obtained using hydrodistillation (Clevenger apparatus) and microwave-assisted extraction (using a prototype extractor). A factorial design was applied to evaluate the influence of the entrance variables fraction diameter (FR) and load of material plant/water volume (LW) on the response variables essential oil yield (Yd) and dillapiole content (DC). Via statistical analysis, a polynomial model was obtained, as well as, the response surface. Hydrodistillation provided higher essential oil yields and the dillapiole content was not statistically influenced by the extraction methods.

 


Keywords


dillapiole; essential oil yield; microwave extraction.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n6-558

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