Occurrence of antibodies against Leptospira spp. in shelter dogs / Ocorrência de anticorpos contra Leptospira spp. em cães de abrigo

Aleandro Ferreira de Moraes, Catherine Biondo Feitosa, Cassia Moreira Santos, Gisele Oliveira de Souza, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Kleber da Cunha Peixoto Júnior, Amane Paldês Gonçales

Abstract


The present study aimed to investigate the occurrence of anti-Leptospira antibodies in dogs held in a public animal shelter from the city of Barbacena, Southeastern Brazil. All samples were analyzed by the Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT) including a panel of 24 serovars representing 21 serogroups, samples with titer ≥ 100 were defined as seroreactive. Of a total of 172 dogs investigated, 23 (13.44%) were seroreactivity with antibody titers ranging from 100 to 1600. Leptospira interrogans serovar Canicola (30.4%) (serogroup Canicola) presented the highest seroreactivity, followed by Pyrogenes (17.4%) (serogroup Pyrogenes) and Hebdomadis (13%) (serogroup Hebdomadis). The serological findings indicate that sheltered dogs are exposed to Leptospira spp. infection, with predominant of serovar Canicola historically maintained by dogs.

 


Keywords


Canine leptospirosis, Serology, Canicola serogroup, Zoonosis, Shelter dogs.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n6-548

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