O uso da realidade aumentada na educação médico-cirúrgica / The use of augmented reality in medical-surgical education

Jéssica Raquel de Santana, Jiliélisson Oliveira de Sousa, Lívia Viviane Guimarães do Couto, SamillysValeska Bezerra de França Silva, Ellany Gurgel Cosme do Nascimento, Thales Allyrio Araújo de Medeiros Fernandes

Abstract


Objetivo: Identificar a utilização da realidade aumentada no ensino médico-cirúrgico e analisar sua aplicabilidade, eficiênciae importância na instrução dessas técnicas. Desenho: Foi realizada uma revisão de literatura com o objetivo de se conhecer as formas de utilização darealidade aumentadano ensino médico-cirúrgico. Para isso, foram efetuadas buscas nas bases BVS, Pubmed,Springer Link, Scopus e Web of Science, utilizando-se os descritores Augmented reality; Medicaleducation; Patientsimulation eSurgery, recuperaram-se artigos publicados até 31 de agosto de 2018. Resultados: Ao final foram analisados 28 artigos que discorriam sobre a temática pesquisada. A análise dos trabalhos deu origem a duas categorias de estudo: Técnicas de realidade aumentada para aperfeiçoamento do ensino médico-cirúrgico e eficiência dos programas de realidade aumentada em técnicas cirúrgicas.Os resultados revelaram que sua aplicabilidade se expande a diversas áreas de ensino cirúrgico, cirurgias ortopédicas, urológicas, neurovasculares e, principalmente, em cirurgias laparoscópicas.

Conclusões: Os artigos demonstraram vantagens diferenciadas com a utilização da realidade aumentada, que proporciona ao usuário uma maior precisão, segurança e eficácia nas cirurgias e outros procedimentos clínicos. Essa pesquisa reforça que a realidade aumentada é uma ferramenta de grande importância no ensino e formação de alunos e profissionais da área médica, pois permite a realização de mecanismos inovadores e aplicação de procedimentos com técnicas mais eficientes, além da minimização de erros.

 


Keywords


Realidade Aumentada; Educação médica; Simulação de paciente; Cirurgia.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n6-185

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