Prevalence of facial fractures in Brazil / Prevalência das fraturas faciais do Brasil

Bruno Mariano Ribeiro Braga, Eduardo Gazola Santineli Vilar, Beatriz Flávia de Moraes Trazzi

Abstract


The present project, a research related to maxillofacial surgery and traumatology, has the purpose of studying the prevalence of facial fractures in Brazil. It is not today that the fractures of the face affect the human being. From the earliest times, man had already had an interest in the subject. In contemporary times, it is known that the facial fracture is due to the discontinuity of the bone tissue of some component of the viscerocranium when a certain physical-mechanical force is exerted against such a bone element. Facial bones are engineered to provide protection and contouring of the face, as well as collaborate in the respiratory, phonetic and digestive systems. Therefore, there is some inequality in the prevalence of maxillofacial fractures, in which the nasal bones are the most affected, followed by the zygomatic bones, which are characterized as the most prominent. However, this may vary according to the etiological agent. According to a survey done in the Bauru region (SP), 1996, as an example, zygomatic fracture (29.2%) and orbit (44%) are predominantly due to aggressions, and the maxilla (35.5% %) of automobile accidents. A survey conducted in the northeast of the country in 2016 showed that the traffic accident prevailed with 52% while the violence showed 34%. Another study carried out in the south of Brazil presents the same etiology pattern for automobile accidents, with a percentage of 27.9%, but in relation to interpersonal violence did not present specific data. The humbler regions are predominantly the most affected by this etiology, when compared to the noblest regions of the city. Among the etiologies mentioned in the screen project, those that predominate are those derived from motor vehicle traffic and interpersonal violence. Other causes, such as work accidents, domestic accidents, falls, sports and recreation, are also highlighted. Each author rates the fractures so that they best suit them. It can take into account the anatomy, the vulnerability agent, the therapeutic action, the amplitude and the trait of the fracture. In view of the problem presented above, the work aims to group fracture data nationally. In order to provide possible alerts and solutions to ensure and ensure greater security for the country.


Keywords


frature, face, prevalence

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References


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Main author for correspondence:

Bruno Mariano Ribeiro Braga

Student of the Dentistry Course at the University of Marília - SP

bruno-mbraga@hotmail.com

+55 35 99173-3676




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv2n6-019

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