Estratégias para ampliação do rastreamento de câncer colorretal em população de risco / Strategies for expanding colorectal cancer screening in risk population

Jorge Ygor Gonçalves dos Santos, Rafael Rocha Carneiro, Marina de Melo Barcelos Sales, Tainá Ávila da Silveira, Norma Ávila da Silveira, Tatielle Pedrosa Novais, Raíssa Teixeira Pinto, Roger William Savio

Abstract


Introdução: O câncer colorretal (CCR) é o terceiro tipo de câncer mais comum em todo o mundo, respondendo, atualmente, por aproximadamente 10% de todos os casos de câncer e mortes no mundo. Quando diagnosticado no estágio inicial da doença, sua taxa de sobrevida é superior a 80%, entretanto, quando diagnosticado no estágio avançado, a taxa é de 10%. Objetivo: Discorrer sobre estratégias de rastreamento do CCR para ampliar e melhorar o diagnóstico precoce e diminuir a morbimortalidade pela neoplasia. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão de literatura, na qual foram selecionados diversos artigos na base de dados PubMed, de 2018 a 2021, usando os descritores “colorectal neoplasms”, “health education”, “mass screening” e “early detection of cancer”. Resultados: Dentre os artigos selecionados, oito tiveram maior relevância. Eles consistem em ensaios clínicos randomizados e não randomizados, estudos transversais e estudos prospectivos não randomizados, sendo a maioria escritos em língua inglesa. Conclusão: É notória a importância do diagnóstico precoce para redução da morbimortalidade decorrente do CCR, porém ainda há grandes barreiras para a melhora do seu rastreamento. Desta forma, faz-se necessária a promoção e ampliação de estratégias educativas adaptadas à população alvo, bem como facilitar a acessibilidade aos métodos de rastreio.

 

 


Keywords


Câncer Colorretal, Rastreamento, Diagnóstico Precoce, Educação em Saúde.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv4n5-200

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