Aspectos químicos, fitoquímicos e funcionais das pitaias Hylocereus undatus, Hylocereus monacanthus e Hylocereus megalanthus: Uma revisão / Chemical, phytochemical and functional aspects of pitayas Hylocereus undatus, Hylocereus monacanthus and Hylocereus megalanthus: A review

Bruna Areia Gonçalves Freitas, Jéssica Souza Ribeiro, Eduardo Bruno Macêdo Viana, Cassiara Camelo Eloi de Souza, Márcia Elena Zanuto

Abstract


A pitaia é um alimento exótico e funcional oriundo das florestas tropicais e subtropicais da América Central e do Sul, teve sua entrada no Brasil apenas na década de noventa por meio da Colômbia na região de São Paulo. Esta cactácea apresenta quatro gêneros, dos quais o Hylocereus é o mais comercializado, com destaque para as espécies H. megalanthus, H. undatus e H. monacanthus, que apresentam cores atraentes e são conhecidas popularmente como fruta dragão. O fruto apresenta grande potencial de exploração econômica em virtude de suas características organolépticas e nutricionais. Além  disso, possui relevante influência na promoção da saúde (atividades antimicrobianas, antioxidantes, hepatoprotetoras, hipoglicemiante, cicatrizante e antiproliferativa), proveniente da presença de compostos fitoquímicos, principalmente de pigmentos e compostos fenólicos,  como as betalaínas, carotenoides, antocianinas e outros bioativos como as fibras. Assim, o presente estudo analisou trabalhos publicados nos últimos dez anos relacionados com as características químicas, nutricionais e funcionais dos frutos de três espécies de pitaias, Hylocereus undatus, Hylocereus monacanthus e Hylocereus megalanthus com a finalidade de contribuir com conhecimentos  comparando-as  e ressaltando suas particularidades.

Keywords


pitaias, compostos bioativos e alegações funcionais

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv4n5-123

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