Force degradation and staining of aesthetic chain elastics when submitted to different phytotherapic rinses / Degradação forçada e coloração de elásticos de cadeia estética quando submetidos a diferentes enxaguamentos fitoterápicos

Douglas da Silva, Carolina Carmo de Menezes, Alma Blásida Concepción Elizaur Benitez, José Guilherme Neves, Vivian Fernandes Furletti, Rafael Bronzato Bueno, Ana Paula Terossi de Godoi

Abstract


The objective of this study was to evaluate the color (∆E*) and the degradation of the strength of chain elastics when submitted to different rinses. Forty segments of aesthetics chain elastics (American Orthodontics) were maintained extended in distilled water at 37°C. The elastics (n=10) were immersed twice a day for 60 seconds each in the following solutions: Chlorhexidine Gluconate; Grapefruit essential oil; Ginger and distilled water. The readings were performed in the following times: initial, 24 hours, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days using universal testing machine and spectrophotometer. The force degradation data were analyzed by mixed models for repeated measurements in time, and the data from ∆E* were evaluated by Kruskal Wallis and Dunn and Friedmann and Nemenyi (α=5%). Except for the group immersed in Ginger, there was a significant decrease in force degradation after 24 hours (p<0.05); after 7 days there was force recovery for all solutions. For ∆E* it was found that there was no statistically significant difference between the solutions for most of the time. However, after 28 days Chlorhexidine showed less ∆E* than the other solutions. It is concluded that the time in which the elastic chain is stretched influences the degradation of strength; immersions in rinses with the exception of ginger solution degrade the strength after 24 hours and; there is color change for all solutions after 28 days.


Keywords


Color, Strength and Orthodontics, Introduction.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv4n5-055

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