Modificações dos Hábitos Alimentares Relacionadas à Pandemia do Covid-19: uma Revisão de Literatura / Changes in Eating Habits Related to the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Literature Review

Laíse Villarim Oliveira, Ana Clara Pereira Rolim, Guilherme Faustino da Silva, Larissa Cordeiro de Araújo, Victor Aglay de Lima Braga, Amanda Gonçalves Lopes Coura

Abstract


INTRODUÇÃO: A situação pandêmica acarretada pelo novo Coronavírus (COVID-19) gerou várias mudanças no cotidiano das pessoas em diversos aspectos, gerando fortes alterações no padrão alimentar. A comida em muitos casos é encarada como escape para diversas situações, ou, como estímulo para uma melhora na qualidade de vida. Assim, o presente estudo objetiva explanar pesquisas na literatura que mostrem a relação da pandemia pelo COVID-19 com os efeitos sobre os hábitos alimentares. METODOLOGIA: Trata-se de uma revisão bibliográfica, com artigos do ano de 2020, consultada nas bases de dados ScienceDirect e PubMed, utilizando os descritores: COVID, habits, eating, behaviour. Incluiu-se artigos em inglês e português, que abordassem questões alimentares. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 12 artigos que se adequavam aos parâmetros de inclusão. DISCUSSÃO: A partir da análise dos artigos selecionados, notou-se que os padrões alimentares e comportamentais sofreram mudanças no período pandêmico, impactando de forma diferente os indivíduos: enquanto algumas amostras tiveram repercussões menos desejadas, outras tiveram mudanças positivas. CONCLUSÃO: Infere-se que a pandemia ocasionada pelo COVID-19 tem correlação direta com os hábitos alimentares dos indivíduos, sendo imprescindível a atuação do nutricionista nesse âmbito para evitar maiores agravos na saúde da população de forma geral.

Keywords


COVID, habits, eating, behaviour

References


AHMED, Hiwa. The Impact of Social Distancing and Self-Isolation in the Last Corona COVID-19 Outbreak on the Body Weight in Sulaimani Governorate-Kurdistan/Iraq, a Prospective Case Series Study. Annals of Medicine and Surgery. v. 59, p. 110-117, 2020.

AZAMBUJA, A. et al. Prevalência e Fatores Associados ao Excesso de Peso em Escolares. Revista Baiana de Saúde Pública. v. 36, n. 3, p.740-750, 2012.

BRASIL - Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde. Guia Alimentar para a População Brasileira: Promovendo a Alimentação Saudável. Brasília, 2006.

BROOKS, S. et al. The Psychological Impact of Quarantine and How to Reduce it: Rapid Review of the Evidence. Lancet. v. 395, p. 912-920, 2020.

BROWN, S. et al. A Qualitative Exploration of the Impact of COVID-19 on Individuals With Eating Disorders in the UK. Appetite. v. 156, n. 2021, 2020.

CARVALHO, P. et al. The psychiatric impact of the novel coronavirus outbreak. Psychiatry Res. v. 286, 2020.

CHOPRA, S. et al. Impact of COVID-19 on Lifestyle-Related Behaviours- a Cross-Sectional Audit of Responses from Nine Hundred and Ninety-Five Participants from India. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews. v. 14, n. 6, p. 2021-2030, 2020.

CLARO, R. et al. Consumo de Alimentos não Saudáveis Relacionados a Doenças Crônicas não Transmissíveis no Brasil: Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde, 2013. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde. v. 24, n. 2, 2015.

DUBÉ, L. et al. Affect Asymmetry and Comfort Food Consumption. Physiology & Behavior. v. 86, n. 4, p. 559-567, novembro, 2005.

ELIZABETH, L. et al. Ultra-Processed Foods and Health Outcomes: A Narrative Review. Nutrientes. v. 12, n. 7, junho, 2020.

ENES & LUCCHINI. Excessive television-viewing time and its influence on adolescent food intake. Rev. Nutr. v. 29, n. 3, 2016.

GOUVEIA, L. Associação Entre Padrão Dietético e Parâmetros Bioquímicos de Indivíduos Brasileiros e Espanhóis com Hipercolesterolemia Familiar. São Paulo - Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, 2019.

HADDAD, C. et al. Association Between Eating Behaviour and Quarantine/Confinement Stressors During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak. J. of Eat. Disord. v. 8, n. 40, 2020.

HUANG, C. et al. Clinical Features of Patients Infected With 2019 Novel Coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. v. 395, p. 497-506, 2020.

JUUL, F. et al. Ultra-processed food consumption and excess weight among US adults. British Journal of Nutrition, p. 90–100, 2018.

JONES & LONG. Comfort Food: Meanings and Memories. University Press of Mississippi, 2017.

KALARCHIAN, M. et al. Mental disorders and weight change in a prospective study of bariatric surgery patients: 7 years of follow-up. Surg. for Obes. and Rela. Dis. v. 15, n. 5, 2019.

LI, S. et al. The Impact of COVID-19 Epidemic Declaration on Psychological Consequences: A Study on Active Weibo Users. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. v. 17, n. 6, março, 2020.

MA, Y. et al. Carbohydrate craving: not everything is sweet. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. v. 20, 2017.

MALTA, D. et al. The COVID-19 Pandemic and Changes in Adult Brazilian Lifestyles: a Cross-Sectional Study, 2020. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde. Brasília, v. 29, n. 4, 2020.

MONTEMURRO, N. The emotional impact of COVID-19: from medical staff to common people. Brain Behav Immun. 2020.

MOYNIHAN, A. et al. Eaten up by boredom: consuming food to escape awareness of the bored self. Front Psychol. v. 6, n. 369, 2015.

MUSCOGIURI, G. Obesity: the “Achilles heel” for COVID-19? Metabolism. v. 208, 2020

NAJJAR, S. et al. Neuroinflammation and psychiatric illness. J.Neuroinflamm. v. 10, p. 43, 2013.

NOVELLI, I. et al. Emotional Eating Behavior Hinders Body Weight Loss in Women After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery. Nutrition. 2017.

PHILLIPOU, A. et al. Eating and Exercise Behaviors in Eating Disorders and the General Population During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Australia: Initial Results from the COLLATE Project. J. Eat. Disord. v. 1, n. 8, 2020.

RENZO, L. et al. Eating Habits and Lifestyle Changes During COVID-19 Lockdown: an Italian Survey. J. Transl. Med. v. 18, n. 229, 2020.

RENZO, L. et al. Psychological Aspects and Eating Habits During COVID-19 Home Confinement: Results of EHLC-COVID-19 Italian Online Survey. Nutrients. v. 12, n. 2152, 2020.

REZENDE, L. F. et al. Coronary heart disease mortality, cardiovascular disease mortality and all-cause mortality attributable to dietary intake over 20 years in Brazil. Int J Cardiol. v. 15, n. 217, p. 64-68, 2016.

ROBINSON, E. et al. Obesity, Eating Behavior and Physical Activity During COVID-19 Lockdown: A Study of UK Adults. Appetite. v. 156, n. 104853, 2021.

ROSO, M. et al. Covid-19 Confinement and Changes of Adolescent’s Dietary Trends in Italy, Spain, Chile, Colombia and Brazil. Nutrients. v. 12, n. 6, 2020.

RODRIGUEZ, M. & MEULE, A. Food craving: new contributions on its assessment, moderators, and consequences. Front Psychol. v. 6, n. 21, 2015.

STEELE, E. et al. Mudanças Alimentares na Coorte NutriNet Brasil Durante a Pandemia de Covid-19. Rev. Saúde Pública. v. 54, n. 91, 2020.

SOUSA, K. et al. Food Consumption and Depression Among Brazilian Adults: Results From the Brazilian National Health Survey. Cad. Saúde Pública. v. 36, n. 1, 2020.

SOFI, F. et al. Mediterranean Diet and Healt. Biofactors. v. 39, n. 4, p. 42-335, 2013.

YOLMAZ, C. & GÖKMEN, V. Neuroactive compounds in foods: occurrence, mechanism and potential health effects. Food Res. v. 128, 2020.

WAGNER, H. et al. Comfort Food: a Review. Health Psychol. v. 33, p. 1552-1557, 2014.

WANG, C. et al. Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. v. 17, n. 1729, 2020.

WERNECK, A. et al. Lifestyle Behaviors Changes During the COVID-19 Pandemic Quarantine Among 6.881 Brazilian Adults With Depression and 35.143 Without Depression. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. v. 25, n. 2, p. 4151-4156, 2020.

WHO. World health statistics 2018: Monitoring health for the SDGs, sustainable development goals. 2018.

WU, C. et al. Risk factors associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome and death in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 Pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA Intern Med. 2020.

ZHU, N. et al. A Novel Coronavirus From Patients With Pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. v. 382, p. 727-733, 2020.

ZHOU, P. et al. A Pneumonia Outbreak Associated With a New Coronavirus of Probable Bat Origin. Nature. v. 579, p. 270-273, 2020.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv4n2-367

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.