A comparative study of extracurricular activities in ophthalmology teaching between São Paulo and Paraná / Um estudo comparativo das actividades extracurriculares no ensino da oftalmologia entre São Paulo e Paraná

Bruno Oliveira Pesquero, Henrique Bosso, Luísa Cesario Miguel, Mariana Uehara Shiratsuchi, Marcele Prado Nogueira Mello, Júlia Spadafora do Amaral, Raiane Negrão da Silva, Evandro Portaluppe Bosso

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: Whether due to enhanced longevity or another socioeconomic reason, it is fact that the demand for ophthalmological consultations has been increased significantly in last years. However, owing to the increasing overload of medical curriculum and the rapid technical and technological evolution of Medicine, the regular teaching of Ophthalmology is increasingly lagging among graduation students. OBJETIVES: Thus, the present study sought to evaluate the extracurricular activities in undergraduate Ophthalmology teaching, clarifying aspects and functions developed by ophthalmology academic leagues in São Paulo and Paraná. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a form, data was collected on complementary ophthalmology education with representatives of the academic leagues from all over the state of Paraná and from public institutions in São Paulo. RESULTS: In the studied sample, it was found that, although São Paulo presented proportionally a greater number of active leagues in the academic year of 2020, the average value of members was higher in Paraná. Except one league per state, all others required a test, year of graduation, or both, as a selection criterion. Furthermore, while in Paraná there were more academic leagues which accepted medical students from other institutions, in São Paulo there were more leagues that offered vacancies for academics from other higher education courses. On the one hand, although all the leagues realized theoretical classes with physicians, the ophthalmology leagues in São Paulo offered proportionately more practical activities than the leagues in Paraná. On the other hand, scientific production is more offered to academics from Paraná than São Paulo. DISCUSSION: Despite academic leagues are a significant tool in complementing the insufficient ophthalmological education in undergraduate medicine, there are still few leagues in Paraná and few members in São Paulo. CONCLUSION: Therefore, it is possible to perceive a disharmony between the teaching of ophthalmology in graduation courses in both states and the growing demand for ophthalmology by the population.

 


Keywords


Ophthalmology, Teaching, Graduation, Academic Leagues.

References


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KARA JOSE, Andrea Cotait et al. Ensino extracurricular em Oftalmologia: grupos de estudos / ligas de alunos de graduação. Rev. bras. educ. med., Rio de Janeiro, v.31, n.2, p.166-172, 2007.

SILVA, Maria Rosa Bet de Moraes. O Ensino da Oftalmologia. Rev. bras. oftalmol., Rio de Janeiro, v.68, n.3, p.127-128, 2009.

SANTOS, Fernanda Batista Oliveira et al. Strengthening teaching, research and university extension through Academic Leagues. Braz. J. Hea. Rev., Curitiba, v.3, n.2, p.3439-3447, 2020.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv4n2-175

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