Childhood Cancer patients and dentist registers from a hospital: a 15-year study / Pacientes com câncer na infância e registos dentários de um hospital: um estudo de 15 anos

Bruna Cristina Longo, Isabela Mangue Popiolek, Natália Gomes do Vale, Ana Lúcia Carrinho Ayroza Rangel, Maria Daniela Basso de Souza

Abstract


Os efeitos colaterais da terapia antineoplásica na mucosa bucal podem afetar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes, principalmente em crianças e adolescentes. Este estudo transversal avaliou a frequência de pacientes de até 19 anos atendidos no Hospital de Câncer de Cascavel - UOPECCAN (Hospital do Câncer de Cascavel) entre 2000-2014, apenas aqueles atendidos pelo dentista da instituição. Neoplasia, tratamento e as manifestações orais foram determinados. Os registros médicos enfocavam sexo, idade, classificação do câncer e tratamento. Exames odontológicos e anos de assistência também foram cobrados. De 100 pacientes que atenderam aos critérios, os resultados foram: masculino (57%), feminino (43%), <1 ano de idade (5%), 1-4 (42%), 5-9 (25%), 10 -14 (23%) e 15-19 (5%). Leucemia (48%), rabdomiossarcoma (10%) e neuroblastoma (7%) foram os mais prevalentes, assim como a quimioterapia (55%). Oito e seis pessoas desenvolveram manifestações orais: mucosite (34%), gengivite (9%), cárie (33%), gengivoestomatite herpética (11%), herpes labial (7%), candidíase (9%) e outro estágio de dentição mista relacionados (esfoliação de dente decíduo e edema - 8%). O setor odontológico aumentou o número de atendimentos ao longo dos anos. O dentista atendeu metade dos pacientes. A maioria deles eram crianças menores de 4 anos. Leucemia e quimioterapia foram mais prevalentes e 86% da amostra desenvolveu manifestação oral. A maioria deles eram crianças menores de 4 anos. Leucemia e quimioterapia foram mais prevalentes e 86% da amostra desenvolveu manifestação oral. A maioria deles eram crianças menores de 4 anos. Leucemia e quimioterapia foram mais prevalentes e 86% da amostra desenvolveu manifestação oral.


Keywords


Neoplasms, Child, Adolescent, Oral Manifestations.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv3n6-368

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