Fatores que propiciam o ganho de peso em pacientes pós cirurgia bariátrica / Factors that favor weight gain in patients after bariatric surgery

Pedro Augusto Grossi Quintão Aquino, Abner Fernandes da Silva, Ana Clara Boareto Costa, Clara Mendonça de Carvalho, Fernanda Jardim Gripp, Izadora Bouzeid Estacia da Silveira, Laura Martin Manfroi, Natália de Paula Guimarães, Natália Victória Guedes Galindo, Victoria Coelho Mathis

Abstract


Introdução: Atualmente a cirurgia bariátrica (CB) é considerada o tratamento padrão para obesidade severa mas, apesar de apresentar como principal resultado a perda de peso, a recuperação de peso dos pacientes é significativa. Objetivo: Avaliar os possíveis fatores de influência na recidiva do ganho de peso (parcial ou total) em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. Revisão bibliográfica: Foi realizada uma revisão narrativa da literatura. Considerações finais: As causas subjacentes que aumentam o risco de recidiva de reganho de peso (RP) incluem fatores anatômicos, cirúrgicos, hormonais, psiquiátricos, comportamentais e atividade física. Abordar esses preditores de recuperação de peso de forma sistemática é oportuno, uma vez que são fatores modificáveis. Apesar de ainda haver muitas teorias sobre a relação de alguns preditores de RP, os dados apresentados nessa revisão narrativa são suficientes para abordar os fatores de recidiva de peso e as comorbidades geradas pela doença.


Keywords


Ganho de peso, Cirurgia bariátrica, Obesidade, Período pós-operatório, Medicina bariátrica

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv3n4-355

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