Análise dos fatores de risco relacionados ao comportamento suicida em crianças e adolescentes / Analysis of risk factors related to suicidal behavior in children and adolescents

Natália Bianca Vales Bhering, Maria Luiza Andrade Aquino, Alice Mendes Duarte, Beatriz Pereira Vilela, Daniele Chiuso, Fernanda Magalhães de Moraes Lopes, João Paulo Garcia Vieira, Laíza Emrich Cruvinel, Lucas Pasqual Boaventura de Santana, Luiz Guilherme Barbosa, Mariana Vanon Moreira

Abstract


Introdução: O suicídio está entre as três principais causas de morte entre os 15 e 44 anos, sendo o maior grupo de risco representado pelos jovens. Na infância essa prática também tem crescido. Objetivo: Trata-se de uma revisão de literatura pautada nos principais fatores de risco que levam ao suicídio de crianças e adolescentes. Metodologia: Utilizou-se a base Medical Literature Analisys and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE/ PubMed), sob os descritores Suicide, Children, Child, Childhood, Adolescent, Risk Factors, com a seleção de artigos de revisão e artigos originais, seguindo critérios de elegibilidade. Foram encontrados 574 textos, com seleção inicial de 226, dos quais restaram 37 artigos elegíveis. Resultados: Os artigos, em sua maioria redigidos em língua inglesa, contemplavam também publicações de autores e periódicos de diferentes nacionalidades. A maioria dos artigos abrangiam os anos de 2019 (dez) e 2017 (seis), e grande parte foi publicada nos últimos 5 anos. Considerações finais: Comportamentos suicidas são responsáveis por grande parte das mortes entre crianças e adolescentes e os principais fatores de risco foram: transtornos mentais, automutilação, bullying, disfunções familiares, fatores genéticos e abuso de álcool e drogas. Logo, ficou evidente a importância de estratégias para identificação precoce dos fatores de risco e prevenção do suicídio.

 

 


Keywords


Suicídio, Ideação Suicida, Fatores de Risco, Crianças, Adolescentes.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv3n4-343

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