Estudo retrospectivo da incidência de fatores de risco em portadores da doença arterial coronariana / Retrospective study of the incidence of risk factors in carriers of coronary arterial disease

Síntique Sepulvida dos Santos Raydan

Abstract


Objetivou-se caracterizar o perfil do paciente portador de Doença Arterial Coronária (DAC) atendido no Instituto Paulista de Doenças Cardiovasculares, no que se refere aos fatores de risco. Para o estudo, cinquenta prontuários de pacientes com DAC foram selecionados aleatoriamente. Laudos de cateterismo (CATE), descrição de sintomas clínicos, e conduta terapêutica, foram coletados para caracterização clínica dos pacientes. O percentual dos fatores de risco obtidos por análise retrospectiva da descrição médica, durante o diagnóstico de DAC, apontou: sedentarismo (92%); Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica (HAS) (90%); Dislipidemia (DLP) (82%); Diabetes Mellitus (DM) (50%); tabagismo (14%); etilismo (6%); história familiar (14%); e obesidade (18%). Constatou-se uma alta prevalência de fatores de risco para DAC e sobreposição de dois ou mais fatores modificáveis, mostrando a necessidade do incremento de medidas preventivas, a fim de resultar, em uma menor taxa de morbi-mortalidade cardiovascular.


Keywords


Doença Arterial Coronária. Fatores de risco. Prevalência.

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