Relationship of rural work with gender and education level / Relação do trabalho rural com gênero e nível de escolaridade

Eveline Barbosa S. Carvalho, Felipe Rocha Campos, José Wellington Saraiva Sousa Junior, Luis Henrique B. de Araújo

Resumo


The research analyzes the relationship between rural work gender and education level based on microdata from the Brazilian Federal Government's General Register of Employed and Unemployed. Using data from employment in the states of Ceará and São Paulo as a case study, the descriptive analysis from the demand curve confirms that male workers have higher average salary level than female workers, in rural areas and also in urban areas, regardless of schooling. The research used the calculation of the price elasticity of demand coefficient to capture the behavior of employment in response to wage variations and showed that for illiterate workers job is more stable in Ceará regardless of gender. On the other hand, for São Paulo illiterate workers have less job stability. For workers with incomplete elementary education, the demand for men and women is inelastic for both Ceará and São Paulo. The cross-elasticity coefficients showed that the higher the level of education, the lower the possibility of discrimination as both gender are considered substitute factors of production.


Palavras-chave


rural work, schooling level, gender.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34140/bjbv3n3-025

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