Impacto de los programas de becas en la movilidad de estudiantes internacionales: el caso de Brasil / Impacto dos programas de bolsas de estudos na mobilidade de estudantes internacionais: o caso do Brasil

Luciano Kingeski, Jordi Olivella Nadal

Resumo


Brasil es responsable por varios programas de becas en la educación superior, estos patrocinados por el gobierno e instituciones privadas que otorgan becas nacionales e internacionales. Este articulo tiene como objetivo analizar el impacto de los programas de becas de Brasil en la movilidad de estudiantes al extranjero, en particular de los que eligen España para la realización de los estudios superiores. Para este estudio se ha utilizado los datos de los programas de becas del gobierno de Brasil, desarrollados a través del Consejo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (CNPq), Ciencia sin fronteras (CsF) y Coordinación de Perfeccionamiento de Personal de Nivel Superior (Capes) y también los datos de la UNESCO - Instituto de Estadística (UIS) series historiales de entradas (inbound) y salidas (outbound). Los resultados han demostrado que los programas de becas de Brasil tienen una importancia muy destacada entre los estudiantes brasileños, este factor tiene una presencia menor en los estudios de la literatura referidos a otros flujos, a pesar de ello, los estudios con estudiantes extranjeros para acudir a España son todavía escasos. En concreto, el flujo de estudiantes desde Brasil hasta España no ha sido estudiado con anterioridad, así que este estudio pretende cubrir esta carencia.  

 


Palavras-chave


movilidad internacional, becas, Brasil, España.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


Abubakar, B., Shanka, T. & Muuka, G.N. (2010). Tertiary education: An investigation of location selection criteria and preferences by international students – the case of two Australian universities. Journal of Marketing for Higher Education, 20, 49-68.

Ahmad Bayiz Ahmad & Mahsood Shah (2018). International students choice to study in China: an exploratory study, Tertiary Education and Management, 24:4, 325-337, https://doi.org10.1080/13583883.2018.1458247

Ahmad et al. (2017). Motivations of government-sponsored Kurdish students for pursuing postgraduate studies abroad: An exploratory study. Journal of Studies in International Education, 21(2), 105–119.

Ahmad, S. Z., & Hussain, M. (2017). The analytic hierarchy process of the decision-making factors of African students in obtaining higher education in the United Arab Emirates. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 47(2), 163–176.

Binsardi, A. & Ekwulugo, F. (2003). International marketing of British education: Research on the students’ perception and the UK market penetration. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 21, 318-327.

Cao, C., Zhu, C. & Meng, Q. (2016) A Survey of the Influencing Factors for International Academic Mobility of Chinese University Students. Higher Education Quarterly, 0951-5224.

Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Capes). http://www.capes.gov.br [consultado: enero de 2020].

Chen, H.-L. (2008). Internationalization or international marketing? Two frameworks for understanding international students’ choice of Canadian universities Journal of Marketing for Higher Education, 18(1), 1–33.

Ciência sem fronteiras. http://www.cienciasemfronteiras.gov.br [consultado: enero, 2020].

Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico- CNPq. http://cnpq.br consultado: enero, 2020].

Foster, M. (2014). Student destination choices in higher education: Exploring attitudes of Brazilian students to study in the United Kingdom. Journal of Research in International Education, 13(2), 149–162. https://doi.org/10.1177/1475240914541024

Gatfield, T. & Chen, C. (2006). Measuring student choice criteria using the theory of planned behaviour: The case of Taiwan, Australia, UK and USA. Journal of Marketing for Higher Education, 16, 77-95.

Iorio, J., & Fonseca, M. L. (2018). Estudantes brasileiros no ensino superior português: construção do projeto migratório e intenções de mobilidade futura. Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia, (109), 3-20. https://dx.doi.org/10.18055/Finis15650

James-MacEachern, M., James-MacEachern, M., Yun, D., & Yun, D. (2017). Exploring factors influencing international students’ decision to choose a higher education institution: A comparison between Chinese and other students. International Journal of Educational Management, 31(3), 343- 363.

Jianvittayakit, L., & Dimanche, F. (2010). An investigation of travel motivation as a factor in international students’ choice of a foreign university: A Thai case study. Proceedings of the 4th International Colloquium on Tourism & Leisure 2010 . Bangkok: In M. Neal and C. Jones (Eds.).

Joseph, M. & Joseph, B. (2000). Indonesian students’ perceptions of choice criteria in the selection of a tertiary institution: Strategic implications. International Journal of Educational Management, 14, 40-44.

Kingeski, L., Olivella Nadal, J. (2018). International academic mobility: the attraction factors of Brazilians students in Spain. Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València. http://dx.doi.org10.4995/HEAD18.2018.8213

Li, M. & Bray, M. (2007). Cross-Border Flows of Students for Higher Education: Push–Pull Factors and Motivations of Mainland Chinese Students in Hong Kong and Macau. Higher Education, p. 791–818.

Maringe, F. & Carter, S. (2007). International students’ motivations for studying in UK HE: Insights into the choice and decision making of African students. International Journal of Educational Management, 21, 459-475.

Mazzarol, T., Soutar, Geoffrey N. (2002). The “Push-Pull” Factors influencing international student selection of education destination. International Journal of Educational Management. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09513540210418403

Molly, Y. (2007). What attracts mainland Chinese students to Australian higher education. International Journal of Educational Management.

Mukherjee, S., & Chanda, R. (2012). Student Mobility from India to Selected European Countries - The Case of Germany and France. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2179724

Oliveira, Adriana Leonidas de, & Freitas, Maria Ester de. (2016). Motivations for international academic mobility: the perspective of university students and professors. Educação em Revista, 32(3), 217-246. https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-4698148237

Padlee, S.F., Kamaruddin, A. R. & Baharun, R. (2010). International students’ choice behaviour for higher education at Malaysian private universities. International Journal of Marketing Studies, 2, 202-211.

Pimpa, N. (2005). Marketing Australian universities to Thai students. Journal of Studies in International Education, 9, 137-146.

Shanka, T., Quintal, V. & Taylor, R. (2005). Factors influencing international students’ choice of an education destination – A correspondence analysis. Journal of Marketing for Higher Education, 15, 31-46.

Trejo Peña A. P., & Suárez Bequir S. S. (2018). Estudiantado mexicano de posgrado en España: motivaciones y mecanismos impulsores detrás de la movilidad estudiantil. Périplos: Revista De Estudos Sobre Migrações, 2(1). Recuperado de http://www.periodicos.unb.br/index.php/obmigra_periplos/article/view/21225

UNESCO. Data on international student mobility in tertiary education. http://data.uis.unesco.org/index.aspx?queryid=169 [consultado: febrero de 2020].

Wilkins, S., Balakrishnan, M.S. and Huisman, J. (2011). Student choice in higher education: Motivations for choosing to study at an international branch campus. Journal of Studies in International Education, 16(5), 413-43.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34140/bjbv3n1-018

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.