Formadores de biofilme de Staphylococcus aureus: sua importância na mastite ovina / Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formators: its importance in ovine mastitis

Gerardo Mancera Cuadros, Jorge Pablo Acosta Dibarrat, Benjamín Valladares Carranza, Carlos Bedolla Cedeño, Valente Velázquez Ordoñez

Resumo


A mastite é a principal doença que afeta as ovelhas produtoras de leite, embora também seja uma doença recorrente em rebanhos produtores de crias para abastecimento de carne em todo o mundo. Embora existam diferentes patógenos que causam infecção e inflamação da glândula mamária; O Staphylococcus aureus é reconhecido como o principal agente causador da mastite clínica em rebanhos leiteiros, porém também atua concomitantemente com as diferentes espécies de estafilococos coagulase negativos na apresentação da mastite subclínica em ovelhas produtoras de carne. O Staphylococcus aureus contém em sua estrutura genética vários fatores de virulência que desempenham um papel muito importante na patogênese da mastite; um deles é a formação de biofilme que contribui para sua sobrevivência e aderência nas células epiteliais e é de grande importância na disseminação da bactéria no interior de uma glândula mamária afetada. No presente trabalho, uma revisão das infecções causadas por Staphylococcus aureus em ovinos, estafilococos causadores de mastite, fatores de virulência de Staphylococcus aureus, formação de biofilme em cepas de Staphylococcus aureus, sua importância na mastite subclínica e clínica em ovinos e importância na produção de leite de ovelha e resistência a antibióticos devido ao Staphylococcus aureus formador de biofilme.


Palavras-chave


Staphylococcus aureus, biofilme, importância, mastite, ovelha

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34188/bjaerv4n3-125

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