Hidrologia Política - uma nova abordagem / Political Hydrology - a new approach

Ricardo Castro Nunes de Oliveira, Rosiany Possati Campos, Carlos Lima Castro

Resumo


O Brasil possui uma legislação robusta para preservação das bacias hidrográficas, especialmente para proteção das áreas ribeirinhas e das áreas de alagamento. No entanto, pode-se observar o aumento da degradação nas bacias hidrográficas que indica a fragilidade no esforço da preservação, que pode ser agravada pelas mudanças climáticas. O aumento da resiliência ambiental não será alcançado apenas com ferramentas de gestão, legislação, modelos matemáticos cada vez mais precisos ou por meio de uma espiral interminável de intervenções nos rios e suas margens. Para controlar o avanço da degradação, propomos um novo conceito - HIDROLOGIA POLÍTICA – que aborda novas questões, apropriando-se também de estudos antropológicos que explicam a crescente degradação de bacias hidrográficas e recursos hídricos. A observação antropológica participativa se faz necessária para orientar as decisões técnicas envolvendo muitos problemas que a engenharia busca quantificar e solucionar. Observa-se que as causas, os efeitos, os argumentos, os comportamentos sociais, a política e a economia estão interligados e influenciam e modificam as soluções de engenharia. Este novo conceito pode ser uma importante ferramenta para uma nova abordagem, combinando as técnicas e procedimentos da engenharia, sociologia, geografia e meio ambiente para a caracterização e preservação de bacias hidrográficas.


Palavras-chave


Hidrologia Política, Ecologia Política, Preservação de rios, Participação Social, Ética na Engenharia.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34188/bjaerv3n4-083

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