A pandemia de COVID-19 no Brasil favoreceu o consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados? / COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil favored the consumption of ultra-processed foods?

Chirle Oliveira Raphaelli, Marta Figueiredo de Figueiredo, Elisa dos Santos Pereira, Graziele Guimarães Granada

Resumo


Com todas as restrições impostas pela pandemia de COVID-19 à população brasileira, é esperado que muitos comportamentos de saúde se modifiquem, incluindo hábitos relacionados à alimentação. Entretanto, não se sabe ao certo se a maior permanência da população em casa possibilitou a melhora ou piora dos hábitos alimentares. Assim, objetiva-se investigar o consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados por brasileiros durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Este estudo investigou o consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados durante a pandemia de COVID-19 no Brasil. Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de literatura com busca eletrônica no PubMed, Lilacs e SciELO e com aplicação de critérios de inclusão e exclusão. A busca resultou em 96 artigos e após seleções, 7 artigos foram selecionados para inclusão na revisão sendo, 6 transversais e 1 coorte. Os estudos transversais demonstraram alto consumo de AUP ou aumento neste consumo durante a pandemia, especialmente em adolescentes, residentes nas regiões Norte e Nordeste do país por pessoas com menor escolaridade. Este estudo evidenciou aumento no consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados pelo brasileiro durante o período da quarentena devido ao isolamento, para evitar o contágio da COVID-19.


Palavras-chave


Consumo de alimentos, Alimentos Industrializados, Pandemia, Corona vírus

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ASHBY, Nathaniel J S. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Unhealthy Eating in Populations with Obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), vol. 28, no. 10, p. 1802–1805, Oct. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22940.

ASKARI, Mohammadreza; HESHMATI, Javad; SHAHINFAR, Hossein; TRIPATHI, Nishant; DANESHZAD, Elnaz. Ultra-processed food and the risk of overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. International Journal of Obesity, vol. 44, no. 10, p. 2080–2091, 2020. DOI 10.1038/s41366-020-00650-z. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-020-00650-z.

BENNETT, Grace; YOUNG, Elysia; BUTLER, Isabel; COE, Shelly. The Impact of Lockdown During the COVID-19 Outbreak on Dietary Habits in Various Population Groups: A Scoping Review. Frontiers in Nutrition, vol. 8, p. 53, 2021. DOI 10.3389/fnut.2021.626432. Available at: https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnut.2021.626432.

BOTELHO, LaÃ-s Vargas; CARDOSO, LetÃ-cia de Oliveira; CANELLA, Daniela Silva. COVID-19 and the digital food environment in Brazil: reflections on the pandemic’s influence on the use of food delivery apps. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, vol. 36, no. 11, p. e00148020, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00148020.

BRASIL. Ministério da Saúde. 2021. BRASIL. Available at: https://covid.saude.gov.br/.

CHEIKH ISMAIL, Leila; OSAILI, Tareq M; MOHAMAD, Maysm N; AL MARZOUQI, Amina; JARRAR, Amjad H; ZAMPELAS, Antonis; HABIB-MOURAD, Carla; OMAR ABU JAMOUS, Dima; ALI, Habiba I; AL SABBAH, Haleama; HASAN, Hayder; ALMARZOOQI, Latifa Mohammed Rashid; STOJANOVSKA, Lily; HASHIM, Mona; SHAKER OBAID, Reyad R; ELFEKY, Samar; SALEH, Sheima T; SHAWAR, Zahieh A M; AL DHAHERI, Ayesha S. Assessment of eating habits and lifestyle during the coronavirus 2019 pandemic in the Middle East and North Africa region: a cross-sectional study. The British journal of nutrition, , p. 1–10, Nov. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520004547.

CUCATO, Gabriel Grizzo; SHUMATE, Grace; RITTI-DIAS, Raphael Mendes; LUIZ, Wagner. Impacto da permanência em casa e do isolamento social , em função da COVID-19 , sobre o nível de atividade física e o comportamento sedentário em adultos brasileiros behavior in Brazilian adults. Einstein, vol. 19, p. 1–6, 2021. https://doi.org/10.31744/einstein.

DOMINGUES, Carla Magda Allan Santos. Challenges for implementation of the COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Brazil. Cadernos de Saude Pública, Brazil, vol. 37, no. 1, p. e00344620, Jan. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00344620.

DUTRA, Annieli de Fatima de Fatima de Oliveira; DIAS, Ana Débora Cordeiro; ARAÚJO, Débora Gomes de Sousa; SILVA, Edvânia Medeiros da; SILVA, Ian Marlon Farias e; GOMES, Lívia Morgana de Freitas. A importância da alimentação saudável e estado nutricional adequado frente a pandemia de Covid-19. Brazilian Journal of Development, vol. 6, no. 9, p. 66464–66473, 2020. https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n9-181.

FIOLET, Thibault; SROUR, Bernard; SELLEM, Laury; KESSE-GUYOT, Emmanuelle; ALLÈS, Benjamin; MÉJEAN, Caroline; DESCHASAUX, Mélanie; FASSIER, Philippine; LATINO-MARTEL, Paule; BESLAY, Marie; HERCBERG, Serge; LAVALETTE, Céline; MONTEIRO, Carlos A.; JULIA, Chantal; TOUVIER, Mathilde. Consumption of ultra-processed foods and cancer risk: Results from NutriNet-Santé prospective cohort. BMJ (Online), vol. 360, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k322.

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS. Ultra-processed foods, diet quality, and health using the NOVA classification system. [S. l.: s. n.], 2019. Available at: http://www.wipo.int/amc/en/mediation/rules.

GOMBART, Adrian F; PIERRE, Adeline; MAGGINI, Silvia. A Review of Micronutrients and the Immune System-Working in Harmony to Reduce the Risk of Infection. Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 1, Jan. 2020. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010236.

JALAVA, Katri. First respiratory transmitted food borne outbreak? International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, vol. 226, no. January, p. 113490, 2020. DOI 10.1016/j.ijheh.2020.113490. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2020.113490.

LOUZADA, Maria Laura da Costa; MARTINS, Ana Paula Bortoletto; CANELLA, Daniela Silva; BARALDI, Larissa Galastri; LEVY, Renata Bertazzi; CLARO, Rafael Moreira; MOUBARAC, Jean Claude; CANNON, Geoffrey; MONTEIRO, Carlos Augusto. Impact of ultra-processed foods on micronutrient content in the Brazilian diet. Revista de Saude Publica, vol. 49, 2015a. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-8910.2015049006211.

LOUZADA, Maria Laura da Costa; MARTINS, Ana Paula Bortoletto; CANELLA, Daniela Silva; BARALDI, Larissa Galastri; LEVY, Renata Bertazzi; CLARO, Rafael Moreira; MOUBARAC, Jean Claude; CANNON, Geoffrey; MONTEIRO, Carlos Augusto. Ultra-processed foods and the nutritional dietary profile in Brazil. Revista de Saude Publica, vol. 49, p. 1–11, 2015b. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-8910.2015049006132.

MAIA, Emanuella Gomes; COSTA, Bruna Vieira de Lima; COELHO, Francielly de Souza; GUIMARÃES, Julia Soares; FORTALEZA, Rafaela Garcia; CLARO, Rafael Moreira. Análise da publicidade televisiva de alimentos no contexto das recomendações do Guia Alimentar para a População Brasileira. Cadernos de Saude Publica, vol. 33, no. 4, p. 1–11, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00209115.

MALTA, Deborah Carvalho; SZWARCWALD, Célia Landmann; BARROS, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo; GOMES, Crizian Saar; MACHADO, Ísis Eloah; SOUZA JÚNIOR, Paulo Roberto Borges de; ROMERO, Dalia Elena; LIMA, Margareth Guimaraes; DAMACENA, Giseli Nogueira; PINA, Maria de Fátima; FREITAS, Maria Imaculada de Fátima; WERNECK, André Oliveira; SILVA, Danilo Rodrigues Pereira da; AZEVEDO, Luiz Otávio; GRACIE, Renata. A pandemia da COVID-19 e as mudanças no estilo de vida dos brasileiros adultos: um estudo transversal, 2020. Epidemiologia e servicos de saude : revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil, vol. 29, no. 4, p. e2020407, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-49742020000400026.

MARTÍNEZ STEELE, Euridice; RAUBENHEIMER, David; SIMPSON, Stephen J.; BARALDI, Larissa Galastri; MONTEIRO, Carlos A. Ultra-processed foods, protein leverage and energy intake in the USA. Public Health Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 114–124, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017001574.

MATSUO, Luansa Harumi; TURECK, Camila; LIMA, Luana Pucci de; HINNIG, PatrÃ-cia de Fragas; TRINDADE, Erasmo Benicio Santos de Moraes; VASCONCELOS, Francisco de Assis Guedes de. Impact of social isolation by Coronavirus disease 2019 in food: a narrative review. Revista de Nutrição, vol. 34, 2021. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.4548.

MEHTA, Vidhi. The Impact of COVID-19 on the Dietary Habits of Middle-Class Population in Mulund, Mumbai, India. AIJR Preprints, vol. 1, p. 1–10, 2020. Available at: https://preprints.aijr.org/index.php/ap/preprint/view/82.

MOHER, David; LIBERATI, Alessandro; TETZLAFF, Jennifer; ALTMAN, Douglas; GROUPF, The PRISMA. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: The PRISMA statement. International Journal of Surgery, vol. 8, p. 336–341, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2010.02.007.

MONTEIRO, Carlos Augusto; CANNON, Geoffrey; LEVY, Renata B.; MOUBARAC, Jean Claude; LOUZADA, Maria L.C.; RAUBER, Fernanda; KHANDPUR, Neha; CEDIEL, Gustavo; NERI, Daniela; MARTINEZ-STEELE, Euridice; BARALDI, Larissa G.; JAIME, Patricia C. Ultra-processed foods: What they are and how to identify them. Public Health Nutrition, vol. 22, no. 5, p. 936–941, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003762.

MONTEIRO, Carlos Augusto; LEVY, Renata Bertazzi; CLARO, Rafael Moreira; CASTRO, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de; CANNON, Geoffrey. A new classification of foods based on the extent and purpose of their processing. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, vol. 26, no. 11, p. 2039–2049, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0102-311x2010001100005.

MONTEIRO, Carlos Augusto; LEVY, Renata Bertazzi; CLARO, Rafael Moreira; DE CASTRO, Inês Rugani Ribeiro; CANNON, Geoffrey. Increasing consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health: Evidence from Brazil. Public Health Nutrition, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 5–13, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010003241.

NICOLETTI, Carolina Ferreira; ESTEVES, Gabriel Perri; GENARIO, Rafael; SANTO, Marco Aurélio; DE CLEVA, Roberto; GUALANO, Bruno; ROSCHEL, Hamilton. Nutritional Inadequacies Among Post-bariatric Patients During COVID-19 Quarantine in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Obesity Surgery, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-020-05107-w.

OLIVEIRA, Juliana Souza; BARUFALDI, Laura Augusta; DE AZEVEDO ABREU, Gabriela; LEAL, Vanessa Sá; BRUNKEN, Gisela Soares; VASCONCELOS, Sandra Mary Lima; DOS SANTOS, Marize Melo; BLOCH, Katia Vergetti. ERICA: Use of screens and consumption of meals and snacks by Brazilian adolescents. Revista de Saude Publica, vol. 50, no. suppl 1, p. 1s-9s, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1590/S01518-8787.2016050006680.

RICO-CAMPÀ, Anaïs; MARTÍNEZ-GONZÁLEZ, Miguel A.; ALVAREZ-ALVAREZ, Ismael; DE DEUS MENDONÇA, Raquel; DE LA FUENTE-ARRILLAGA, Carmen; GÓMEZ-DONOSO, Clara; BES-RASTROLLO, Maira. Association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and all cause mortality: SUN prospective cohort study. BMJ (Online), vol. 365, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l1949.

RODRIGUES, Michele Bittencourt; MATOS, Juliana de Paula; HORTA, Paula Martins. The COVID-19 pandemic and its implications for the food information environment in Brazil. Public health nutrition, vol. 24, no. 2, p. 321–326, Feb. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020004747.

RUÍZ-ROSO, María Belén; DE CARVALHO PADILHA, Patricia; MATILLA-ESCALANTE, Diana C.; BRUN, Paola; ULLOA, Natalia; ACEVEDO-CORREA, Diofanor; FERREIRA PERES, Wilza Arantes; MARTORELL, Miquel; BOUSQUET CARRILHO, Thais Rangel; DE OLIVEIRA CARDOSO, Latícia; CARRASCO-MARÍN, Fernanda; PATERNINA-SIERRA, Katherine; LOPEZ DE LAS HAZAS, María-Carmen; RODRÍGUEZ-MEZA, Jhon E.; VILLALBA-MONTERO, Luisa F.; BERNABÉ, Giulia; PAULETTO, Anthony; TACI, Whoajda; CÁRCAMO-REGLA, Richar; … DÁVALOS, Alberto. Changes of Physical Activity and Ultra-Processed Food Consumption in Adolescents from different countries during Covid-19 Pandemic: an observational study. Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 2289, p. 1–13, 2020. .

RUÍZ-ROSO, María Belén; PADILHA, Patricia de Carvalho; MANTILLA-ESCALANTE, Diana C.; ULLOA, Natalia; BRUN, Paola; ACEVEDO-CORREA, Diofanor; PERES, Wilza Arantes Ferreira; MARTORELL, Miquel; AIRES, Mariana Tschoepke; CARDOSO, Letícia de Oliveira; CARRASCO-MARÍN, Fernanda; PATERNINA-SIERRA, Katherine; RODRIGUEZ-MEZA, Jhon E.; MONTERO, Piedad M.; BERNABÈ, Giulia; PAULETTO, Anthony; TACI, Xhoajda; VISIOLI, Francesco; DÁVALOS, Alberto. Confinamiento del Covid-19 y cambios en las tendencias alimentarias de los adolescentes en Italia, España, Chile, Colombia y Brasil. Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 6, p. 1–18, 2020. .

SANTOS, Francine Silva dos; DIAS, Mariane da Silva; MINTEM, Gicele Costa; OLIVEIRA, Isabel Oliveira de; GIGANTE, Denise Petrucci. Food processing and cardiometabolic risk factors: a systematic review. Revista de SaÃtextordmasculinede PÃtextordmasculineblica, vol. 54, 2020. Available at: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-89102020000100507&nrm=iso.

SCARMOZZINO, Federico; VISIOLI, Francesco. Covid-19 and the Subsequent Lockdown Modified Dietary Habits of Almost Half the Population in an Italian Sample. Foods (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 9, no. 5, p. 675, 25 May 2020. DOI 10.3390/foods9050675. Available at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32466106.

SCHNEIDER, Sergio; CASSOL, Abel; LEONARDI, Alex; MARINHO, Marisson de M. Os efeitos da pandemia da Covid-19 sobre o agronegócio e a alimentação. Estudos Avançados, vol. 34, p. 167–188, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0103-4014.2020.34100.011.

SROUR, Bernard; FEZEU, Léopold K.; KESSE-GUYOT, Emmanuelle; ALLÈS, Benjamin; MÉJEAN, Caroline; ANDRIANASOLO, Roland M.; CHAZELAS, Eloi; DESCHASAUX, Mélanie; HERCBERG, Serge; GALAN, Pilar; MONTEIRO, Carlos A.; JULIA, Chantal; TOUVIER, Mathilde. Ultra-processed food intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: Prospective cohort study (NutriNet-Santé). BMJ (Online), vol. 365, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l1451.

STEELE, Eurídice Martínez; RAUBER, Fernanda; COSTA, Santos; LEITE, Maria Alvim; GABE, Kamila Tiemann; LAURA, Maria; LEVY, Renata Bertazzi; MONTEIRO, Carlos Augusto. Mudanças na alimentação na coorte NutriNet Brasil na vigência da COVID-19. Revista de Saúde Pública, , p. 1–8, 2020. .

TEICH, Vanessa Damazio; KLAJNER, Sidney; ALMEIDA, Felipe Augusto Santiago de; DANTAS, Anna Carolina Batista; LASELVA, Claudia Regina; TORRITESI, Mariana Galvani; CANERO, TATIANE RAMOS, OTÁVIO BERWANGER, LUIZ VICENTE RIZZO, REIS, Eduardo Pontes; NETO, Miguel Cendoroglo. Características epidemiológicas e clínicas dos pacientes com COVID-19 no Brasil. Einstein, vol. 16, no. 4, p. 1–6, 2020. https://doi.org/10.31744/einstein.

UGGIONI, Paula Lazzarin; ELPO, Clarice Mariano Fernandes; GERALDO, Ana Paula Gines; FERNANDES, Ana Carolina; MAZZONETO, Ana ClÃ!`udia; BERNARDO, Greyce Luci. Cooking skills during the Covid-19 pandemic. Revista de Nutrição, vol. 33, no. e200172, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-9865202033e200172.

WERNECK, André O.; SILVA, Danilo R.; MALTA, Deborah C.; GOMES, Crizian Saar; SOUZA-JÚNIOR, Paulo R.B.; AZEVEDO, Luiz O.; BARROS, Marilisa B.A.; SZWARCWALD, Célia L. Associations of sedentary behaviours and incidence of unhealthy diet during the COVID-19 quarantine in Brazil. Public Health Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 3, p. 422–426, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020004188.

WERNECK, André Oliveira; DA SILVA, Danilo Rodrigues; MALTA, Deborah Carvalho; DE SOUZA-JÚNIOR, Paulo Roberto Borges; AZEVEDO, Luiz Otávio; BARROS, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo; SZWARCWALD, Célia Landmann. Lifestyle behaviors changes during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine among 6,881 brazilian adults with depression and 35,143 without depression. Ciencia e Saude Coletiva, vol. 25, p. 4151–4156, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320202510.2.27862020.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. COVID-19 Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan: Operational planning guidance to support country preparedness and response. 2020. Disponível em: Acesso em: 19 abril 2021.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34115/basrv5n3-002

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.