The “Lucifer Effect” and “The Established and Outsiders”: Different power practices or facets of the same contract? / O "Efeito Lúcifer" e "Os Estabelecidos e os Forasteiros": Diferentes práticas de poder ou facetas de um mesmo contrato?

Claudia Tania Picinin, Guilherme Moreira Caetano Pinto, Jessyca Moraes de Figueiredo Bacovis, Renata V Klafke, Bruno Pedroso


Power is defined, like everywhere, as asymmetric control over valued resources in a social relationship. This paper aimed to discuss the concepts of power from the perspective of the "Lucifer Effect and the "The Established and the Outsiders: Sociology of power relations from a small community". The methodology is composed by bibliographical research Scopus Database. Based on the performed analysis, it was observed that the concepts of power determined by the informal relationship in the workplace, power determined by leadership, rational-legal authority coercive power and referent power were found both in Lucifer Effect and in Elias' work. Furthermore, the concepts of power determined by the environment, power determined by the authority in charge and charismatic authority were only found in the Lucifer Effect. In Elias’ work, the concepts of power determined by the society, traditional authority and legitimate power were found.


Lucifer Effect, The Established and the Outsiders, Power, Power Relations.

Texto completo:



Acosta, N. A., L. E. Rodriguez Gómez and M. Á. Daz (2012). "Effect of oxygen injection in a reclaimed wastewater pipeline on the microbiological quality of water." Environmental Technology 33(5): 497-505.

Anagnostopoulos, F., & Griva, F. (2012). Exploring time perspective in Greek young adults: Validation of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory and relationships with mental health indicators. Social Indicators Research, 106(1), 41-59.

Asch, S. E. (1956). Studies of independence and conformity: I. A minority of one against a unanimous majority. Psychological monographs: General and applied, 70(9), 1.

Barnett, E., Sprujt-Metz, D., Unger, J. B., Rohrbach, L. A., Sun, P., & Sussman, S. (2013). Bidirectional associations between future time perspective and substance use among continuation high-school students. Substance Use and Misuse, 48(8), 574-580.

Bartels, J. M. (2015). The Stanford prison experiment in introductory psychology textbooks: A content analysis. Psychology Learning & Teaching, 14(1), 36-50.

Bartels, J. M., Milovich, M. M., & Moussier, S. (2016). Coverage of the Stanford Prison Experiment in Introductory Psychology Courses: A Survey of Introductory Psychology Instructors. Teaching of Psychology, 43(2), 136-141.

Bijker, W. Of Bicycles, Bakelite and Bulbs: toward a theory of sociotechnical change, MIT Press, Cambridge. 1997.

Braitman, A. L., & Henson, J. M. (2015). The impact of time perspective latent profiles on college drinking: A multidimensional approach. Substance Use and Misuse, 50(5), 664-673. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2014.998233

Brown, P., M. A. Elston and J. Gabe (2015). "From patient deference towards negotiated and precarious informality: An Eliasian analysis of English general practitioners' understandings of changing patient relations." Social Science and Medicine 146: 164-172.

Carmi, N. (2013). Caring about tomorrow: Future orientation, environmental attitudes and behaviours. Environmental Education Research, 19(4), 430-444.

Chiu, F. C. (2012). Fit between future thinking and future orientation on creative imagination. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 7(3), 234-244.

Coelho, M. C., J. T. Sento-Sé, R. B. Fernandes and F. Rios (2016). "The experience of submission to police authority: Notes on the articulation between cognition and emotion in public life." Revista Brasileira de Ciencias Sociais 31(90): 151-165.

Connolly, J. and P. Dolan (2013). "Re-theorizing the 'structure-agency' relationship: Figurational theory, organizational change and the Gaelic Athletic Association." Organization 20(4): 491-511.

Crotts, J. C. (2015). "The university gets its act together: Cutting the costs of disputes in organizations." Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies 21(5): 43-48.

Delgado, M., O. Carpintero, P. Lomas and S. Sastre (2014). "Andalusia in the Spanish territorial division of labour. An approach in the light of its socio-economic metabolism." Revista de Estudios Regionales (100): 197-222.

Dias, C. N. and S. Darke (2016). "From dispersed to monopolized violence: expansion and consolidation of the Primeiro Comando da Capital’s Hegemony in São Paulo’s prisons." Crime, Law and Social Change 65(3): 213-225.

Emmett, R. B. (2006). Frank Knight, Max Weber, Chicago Economics, and Institutionalism. Max Weber Studies, 1(2006), 101-119.

Engh, M. H., S. Agergaard and J. Maguire (2013). "Established - outsider relations in youth football tournaments: An exploration of transnational power figurations between Scandinavian organizers and African teams." Soccer and Society 14(6): 781-798.

Erichsen, J. T., N. F. Wright, and P. J. May (2014). "Morphology and ultrastructure of medial rectus subgroup motoneurons in the macaque monkey." Journal of Comparative Neurology 522(3): 626-641.

Foucault, M. (2000). Defender la sociedad. Curso en el Collège de France (1975-1976), Fondo de Cultura Económica, Buenos Aires.

Galinsky, A. D., Rucker, D. D., & Magee, J. C. (2015). Power: Past findings, present considerations, and future directions.

García, J. A., & Ruiz, B. (2015). Exploring the role of time perspective in leisure choices: What about the balanced time perspective? Journal of Leisure Research, 47(5), 515-537.

Griggs, R. A. (2014). Coverage of the Stanford Prison Experiment in Introductory Psychology Textbooks. Teaching of Psychology, 41(3), 195-203. doi: 10.1177/0098628314537968

Griggs, R. A., & Whitehead, G. I. (2014). Coverage of the Stanford Prison Experiment in Introductory Social Psychology Textbooks. Teaching of Psychology, 41(4), 318-324.

Iglesias, G. R., L. F. Ruiz-Morón, J. D. G. Durán and A. V. Delgado (2015). "Dynamic and wear study of an extremely bidisperse magnetorheological fluid." Smart Materials and Structures 24(12).

Jowsey, T., Ward, N. J., & Gardner, K. (2013). Agents in time: Representations of chronic illness. Health Sociology Review, 22(3), 243-254.

Lake, R. J. (2013). "'They treat me like I'm scum': Social exclusion and Established-outsider relations in a British tennis club." International Review for the Sociology of Sport 48(1): 112-128.

Latour, B. (1984). The powers of association. The Sociological Review, 32(1_suppl), 264-280.

Lezaun, J., Muniesa, F., & Vikkelsø, S. (2013). Provocative Containment and The Drift of Social-Scientific Realism. Journal of Cultural Economy, 6(3), 278-293.

Kim, J. H. and D. E. Ganella (2015). "A Review of Preclinical Studies to Understand Fear During Adolescence." Australian Psychologist 50(1): 25-31.

Lussier, A. L., K. Lebedeva, E. Y. Fenton, A. Guskjolen, H. J. Caruncho and L. E. Kalynchuk (2013). "The progressive development of depression-like behaviour in corticosterone-treated rats is paralleled by slowed granule cell maturation and decreased reelin expression in the adult dentate gyrus." Neuropharmacology 71: 174-183.

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince translated by N.H. Thomson. Vol. XXXVI, Part 1. The Harvard Classics. New York: P.F. Collier & Son, 1909–14;, 2001.

Magee, J. C., & Galinsky, A. D. (2008). Chapter 8: Social hierarchy: The self-reinforcing

nature of power and status. Academy of Management Annals, 2(1), 351–398.

Maguire, J. S. and M. Lim (2015). "Lafite in China: Media Representations of ‘Wine Culture’ in New Markets." Journal of Macromarketing 35(2): 229-242.

Marin Thornton, G. (2014). "The Outsiders: Power Differentials between Roma and Non-Roma in Europe." Perspectives on European Politics and Society 15(1): 106-119.

Mermillod, M., Marchand, V., Lepage, J., Begue, L., & Dambrun, M. (2015). Destructive obedience without pressure: Beyond the limits of the agentic state. Social Psychology, 46(6), 345-351.

Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioural study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social

Psychology, 67(4), 371–378.

Norbert, E. John e John L. Scotson (1994). The Stablished and the Outsiders. Sage Publications.

Orón, J. V. (2014). "Neuroscience and Faith: The belief system as a venue of interdisciplinary meeting." Scientia et Fides 2(2): 213-270.

Ortuño, V. E. C., Paixão, M. P., & Nunes Janeiro, I. (2013). The subjective time as a tool (dis) adaptive process development - Mental. Analise Psicologica, 31(2), 159-169.

Paulle, B., B. van Heerikhuizen and M. Emirbayer (2012). "Elias and Bourdieu." Journal of Classical Sociology 12(1): 69-93.

Petrova, V. (2014). The future of our freedom: An investigation into the policing of America and suggestions for integral reform. Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, 9(2), 153-161.

Przepiorka, A. (2016). What makes successful entrepreneurs different in temporal and goal-commitment dimensions? Time and Society, 25(1), 40-60.

Rashid, T. and H. M. Asghar (2016). "Technology use, self-directed learning, student engagement and academic performance: Examining the interrelations." Computers in Human Behaviour 63: 604-612.

Recuber, T. (2016). From obedience to contagion: Discourses of power in Milgram, Zimbardo, and the Facebook experiment. Research Ethics, 12(1), 44-54.

Reynolds, R. E., T. C. Howard and T. K. Jones (2015). "Is this what educators really want? Transforming the discourse on Black fathers and their participation in schools." Race Ethnicity and Education 18(1): 89-107.

Rucker, D. D., & Galinsky, A. D. (2008). Desire to acquire: Powerlessness and compensatory consumption. Journal of Consumer Research, 35(2), 257–267.

Rucker, D. D., Galinsky, A. D., & Dubois, D. (2012). Power and consumer behaviour: How power shapes who and what consumers value. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 22(3), 352-368.

Rugani, B., D. Panasiuk and E. Benetto (2012). "An input-output based framework to evaluate human labour in life cycle assessment." International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 17(6): 795-812.

Scott, J., K. Carrington and A. McIntosh (2012). "Established-Outsider Relations and Fear of Crime in Mining Towns." Sociologia Ruralis 52(2): 147-169.

Seema, R., Sircova, A., & Baltin, A. (2014). Transcendental future - Is it a healthy belief or a time perspective? The transcendental-future time perspective inventory (TTPI) in Estonian. Trames, 18(1), 57-75. doi: 10.3176/tr.2014.1.04

Sergienko, E., & Kireeva, Y. (2015). Subjective age: A differentiated analysis. Social Sciences (Russian Federation), 2015(3), 90-107.

Shahidian, S., R. P. Serralheiro, J. R. Serrano and J. L. Teixeira (2015). "Seasonal climate patterns and their influence on calibration of the Hargreaves-Samani equation." Hydrological Sciences Journal 60(6): 985-996.

Spencer, M., Chambers, V., & Benibo, B. (2014). Scaredy cats to cool cats: How time perspective matters in attitude and intent toward financial decisions. Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research, 15(3), 197-228.

Sword, R. M., Sword, R. K. M., Brunskill, S. R., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2014). Time Perspective Therapy: A New Time-Based Metaphor Therapy for PTSD. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 19(3), 197-201.

Taber, B. J. (2013). Time Perspective and Career Decision-Making Difficulties in Adults. Journal of Career Assessment, 21(2), 200-209.

Tolich, M. (2014). What can Milgram and Zimbardo teach ethics committees and qualitative researchers about minimizing harm? Research Ethics, 10(2), 86-96.

Usart, M., & Romero, M. (2014). Spanish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory construction and validity among higher education students. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 12(2), 483-508. doi: 10.14204/ejrep.33.13127.

Velija, P. (2012). "'Nice girls don't play cricket': the theory of Established and outsider relations and perceptions of sexuality and class amongst female cricketers." Sport in Society 15(1): 28-43.

Zhang, J. W., Howell, R. T., & Bowerman, T. (2013). Validating a brief measure of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Time and Society, 22(3), 391-409.

Zimbardo, P. G., Maslach, C., & Haney, C. (2000). Reflections on the Stanford prison experiment: Genesis, transformations, consequences. Obedience to authority: Current perspectives on the Milgram paradigm, 193-237.

Zimbardo, Philip G. The Lucifer Effect: understanding how good people turn evil. The Random House Publishing Group, a division of Random House, Inc., New York.1st ed. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-4000-6411-3. 2007.



  • Não há apontamentos.